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Although the vagina is considered a viable route during laparoscopic surgery, a number of concerns have led to a need to demonstrate the safety of a transvaginal approach in colorectal surgery. However, the data for transvaginal access in left-sided colorectal cancer are extremely limited, and no study has compared the clinical outcomes with a conventional(More)
Given a previous report that Bcl-w is expressed in gastric cancer cells, particularly in those of an infiltrative morphology, we investigated whether Bcl-w expression influences the invasiveness of gastric cancer cells. To accomplish this, Bcl-w was overexpressed in adherent types of gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines, and this was found to result in an(More)
Peroxiredoxins (PRDX) are a family of thiol-dependent peroxidases. Among the six mammalian members of this family, PRDX6 is the only protein that additionally exhibits phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity. The physiologic role of this interesting PRDX6 feature is largely unknown at present. In this study, we show that PRDX6 increases the metastatic(More)
Infrared multiple photon dissociation (IRMPD) spectroscopy combined with theoretical vibrational spectra provides a powerful tool for probing structure. This technique has been used to probe the structure of protonated cyclic AG and the b(2)(+) ion from AGG. The experimental spectrum for protonated cyclo AG compares very well with the theoretical spectra(More)
Peptide fragmentation can lead to an oxazolone or diketopiperazine b(2)(+) ion structure. IRMPD spectroscopy combined with computational modeling and gas-phase H/D exchange was used to study the structure of the b(2)(+) ion from protonated HAAAA. The experimental spectrum of the b(2)(+) ion matches both the experimental spectrum for the protonated cyclic(More)
To better understand the neuroprotective actions of agmatine in ischemic insults, its effects on astrocytes were investigated using an in vitro oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model. After primary culture, cortical astrocytes were moved into a closed anaerobic chamber and incubated in glucose-free culture media. 4 h later, the cells were restored to(More)
The peroxiredoxin family of peroxidase has six mammalian members (Prx 1-6). Considering their frequent up-regulation in cancer cells, Prxs may contribute to cancer cells' survival in face of oxidative stress. Here, we show that Prx 6 promotes the invasiveness of lung cancer cells, accompanied by an increase in the activity of phosphoinositide 3-kinase(More)
Puromycin is an aminonucleoside antibiotic with structural similarity to aminoacyl tRNA. This structure allows the drug to bind the ribosomal A site and incorporate into nascent polypeptides, causing chain termination, ribosomal subunit dissociation and widespread translational arrest at high concentrations. In contrast, at sufficiently low concentrations,(More)
Glioma is the most common type of brain tumors in adults, and treatment of high-grade gliomas is still palliative. Studies to date have revealed only modest effect in attenuating growth of these tumors with single agent therapy, but combination treatment appears to be more effective. Cyclophilin A (CypA), a target of immunosuppressive drugs cyclosporin A(More)
We have previously reported that Bcl-w enhances the invasiveness of gastric cancer cells by inducing MMP-2 expression via phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), Akt and Sp1. This study demonstrates that Bcl-w additionally induces uPA expression and FAK activation. Analyses of the hierarchical relationship and functions of these components showed that the(More)