Sung-Hwa Sohn

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BACKGROUND Vitex rotundifolia has long been used in traditional medicine to treat asthma and other allergic diseases. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the anti-inflammatory mechanisms of V rotundifolia in cultured A549 human alveolar epithelial cells. METHODS In the present study, A549 cells were stimulated with tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 4, and(More)
Maekmoondong-tang (MMDT) has long been used in Asian countries to treat respiratory diseases. However, the precise mechanisms underlying its effects on asthma are unknown. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of MMDT in a cockroach allergen (CKA-)induced animal model of allergic asthma. After being challenged with CKA, the number of(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the protective mechanisms of Nelumbinis semen (NS) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced activation of BV-2 microglial cells. The anti-inflammatory effects of NS were determined by analyzing nitric oxide production and proinflammatory cytokines using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The mechanism was evaluated in BV-2(More)
BACKGROUND Although electroacupuncture (EA) relieves various types of pain, individual differences in the sensitivity to EA analgesia have been reported, causing experimental and clinical difficulties. Our functional genomic study using cDNA microarray identified that 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a well-known factor in the regulation of energy(More)
Although lung inflammation and fibrosis are well-documented dose-limiting side effects of lung irradiation, the mechanisms underlying these pathologies are unknown. An improved mechanistic understanding of radiation-induced pneumonitis is a prerequisite for the development of more effective radiotherapy; this was the rationale for the current study. Mouse(More)
A mouse pulmonary hypersensitivity experimental model that mimics human asthma was developed, and electroacupuncture (EA) treatment was shown to reduce allergic inflammatory processes. In addition, we also assessed whether the beneficial effects of EA on allergic asthma could be correlated with CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg). Cellular(More)
The goal of this study was to quantitatively determine the recovery effects of herbal medicines (HM) on the cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. In the present study, the recovery effects of 239 HM on HEK 293 cells that had been damaged by cisplatin were evaluated by a mitochondrial activity MTS assay. After the first round of screening, candidate HM were(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the effects of tobacco compounds on gene expression in a human fetal lung cell line (WI38). In the present study, we investigated the effects of tobacco compounds (nicotine, benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P), and 2-Naphthylamine) on gene expression profiles in human fetal fibroblasts using cDNA microarray and real-time PCR. WI38(More)
This study was conducted to quantitatively evaluate the recovery effects of herbal medicines on acetaminophen-induced nephrotoxicity. In the present study, the recovery effects of 251 herb medicines on HEK 293 cells that had been damaged by acetaminophen were evaluated using an MTS assay. HEK 293 cells were cultured in 96-well plates and then pretreated(More)
BACKGROUND Gamijinhae-tang (GJHT) has long been used in Korea to treat respiratory diseases. The therapeutic effect of GJHT is likely associated with its anti-inflammatory activity. However, the precise mechanisms underlying its effects are unknown. This study was conducted to evaluate the protective effects of GJHT in a porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE)(More)