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The mechanoreceptive properties of rat spinal sensory neurons were evaluated in segments adjacent to those injected with the excitatory amino acid agonist quisqualic acid. Following survival periods of 7-36 days cells recorded in quisqualate injected animals had an increased level of background activity, increased sensitivity to mechanical stimuli, and an(More)
Microinjections of quisqualic acid were made in the spinal cord to evaluate the excitotoxic effects of this excitatory amino acid agonist on spinal neurons in the rat. Animals were divided into four groups based on post injection survival times of 7-49 days. Injections ranging from 0.3 to 2.0 microL of 8.3, 83, and 125 mM quisqualic acid or normal saline(More)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by an alveolitis with epithelial and endothelial damage progressing to fibrosis. Numerous mediators have been implicated in this complex process. Studies in humans have shown that endothelin-1 (ET-1), a vasoconstrictor and mitogenic peptide, is a mediator in IPF. To determine the role of ET-1 and(More)
Airway smooth muscle growth contributes to the mechanism of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) in asthma. Although current steroid use demonstrates anti-inflammatory activity, there is little reported on the action of corticosteroid on smooth muscle of the asthmatic airway. The present study investigated the effect of inhaled corticosteroid on the thickening(More)
The influence of tracheal lavage with compound 48/80 on the bronchial response to challenge with ACH and AE was studied in 24 animals. Furthermore, the effect of i.v. administration of 48/80 was compared to its administration into the tracheal lumen. No increased histamine liberation was detected in the tracheal fluid after lavage with 48/80, nor was an(More)
The sputa of patients with chronic obstructive lung disease show high histamine concentrations with large individual variations. The fluorometric and the biologic method correlate statistically significantly. Histamine concentrations decrease significantly, during 60 min at 37 degrees C, by different amounts in different patients. The measured histamine(More)
The influence of tracheal lavage with an allergen on the airway response to bronchial challenge with histamine, acetylcholine, and ascaris extract was investigated in 36 dogs. High histamine concentrations were measured in the tracheal solution after lavage with allergen. This amine, released on the mucosal surface, was observed in only very small(More)
The influence of tracheal lavage with histamine, and of i.v. administration of histamine on bronchospastic response was studied in 16 dogs. Airway response to acetylcholine inhalation was significantly increased after tracheal lavage with high concentrated histamine solution (1%). No influence on airway response was found after (1) tracheal lavage with(More)
The influence of tracheal lavage in a restricted area, with a proteolytic enzyme (Pronase) on the bronchial response to challenge with ACH and AE was studied in 15 dogs. Histamine concentrations measured in the tracheal liquid after lavage with Pronase were smaller than the values after tracheal lavage with allergen. Airway response to ACH inhalation was(More)
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