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Acetylation of proteins on lysine residues is a dynamic posttranslational modification that is known to play a key role in regulating transcription and other DNA-dependent nuclear processes. However, the extent of this modification in diverse cellular proteins remains largely unknown, presenting a major bottleneck for lysine-acetylation biology. Here we(More)
The positively charged lysine residue plays an important role in protein folding and functions. Neutralization of the charge often has a profound impact on the substrate proteins. Accordingly all the known post-translational modifications at lysine have pivotal roles in cell physiology and pathology. Here we report the discovery of two novel, in vivo lysine(More)
The O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification of serine/threonine residues is an abundant posttranslational modification present in cytosolic and nuclear proteins. The functions and subproteome of O-GlcNAc modification remain largely undefined. Here we report the application of the tagging-via-substrate (TAS) approach for global identification of(More)
A phytase (EC 3.1.3.8) from Pseudomonas syringae MOK1 was purified to apparent homogeneity in two steps employing cation and an anion exchange chromatography. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was estimated to be 45 kDa by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis. The optimal activity occurred at pH 5.5 and 40°C. The(More)
A gene, phoI, coding for a phosphatase from Enterobacter sp. 4 was cloned in Escherichia coli and sequenced. Analysis of the sequence revealed one open reading frame (ORF) that encodes a 269–amino acid protein with a calculated molecular mass of 29 kDa. PhoI belongs to family B acid phosphatase and exhibits 49.4% identity and 62.4% homology to the hel gene(More)
Proteolytic digestion of a complicated protein mixture from an organelle or whole-cell lysate is usually carried out in a dilute solution of a denaturing buffer, such as 1-2 M urea. Urea must be subsequently removed by C18 beads before downstream analysis such as HPLC/MS/MS or complete methylation followed by IMAC isolation of phosphopeptides. Here we(More)
Like phosphorylation, protein sumoylation likely represents a dynamic PTM to alter protein function in support of cell regulatory systems. The broad-spectrum impact of transient or chronic engagement of signal transduction cascades on protein sumoylation has not been explored. Here, we find that epidermal growth factor (EGF) stimulation evokes a rapid(More)
Identification of proteins bearing a specific post-translational modification would imply functions of the modification. Proteomic analysis of post-translationally modified proteins is usually challenging due to high complexity and wide dynamic range, as well as unavailability of efficient methods to enrich the proteins of interest. Here, we report a(More)
A recently developed proteomics strategy, designated tagging-via-substrate (TAS) approach, is described for the detection and proteomic analysis of farnesylated proteins. TAS technology involves metabolic incorporation of a synthetic azido-farnesyl analog and chemoselective derivatization of azido-farnesyl-modified proteins by an elegant version of(More)
Since anti-apoptotic effect of ERK has not been elucidated clearly in DNA-damage-induced cell death, the role of ERK was examined in normal HEF cells treated with mild DNA damage using etoposide or camptothecin. ERK was activated by DNA damage in HEF cells. PD98059 increased apoptosis and reduced DNA-damage-induced p21Waf1/Cip1/Sdi level. Depletion of(More)