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The effects of pH and protein concentration on some structural and functional properties of hemp seed protein isolate (HPI, 84.15% protein content) and defatted hemp seed protein meal (HPM, 44.32% protein content) were determined. The HPI had minimum protein solubility (PS) at pH 4.0, which increased as pH was decreased or increased. In contrast, the HPM(More)
PURPOSE This work determined the ability of hemp seed meal protein hydrolysate (HMH)-containing diets to attenuate elevated blood pressure (hypertension) development in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Effects of diets on plasma levels of renin and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) in the SHRs were also determined. METHODS Defatted hemp seed(More)
In this study, rapeseed protein isolate (RPI) was digested with various proteases to produce rapeseed protein hydrolysates (RPHs), which were then separated into different peptide fractions (<1, 1-3, 3-5, and 5-10kDa) by membrane ultrafiltration. Membrane fractionation showed that peptides with sizes <3 kDa had significantly (p<0.05) reduced surface(More)
The phenolic extracts of the seeds of African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) were studied using different extraction solvents (70% ethanol, 80% acetone and acidic 70% acetone) and two heat treatment methods (dry heating on a hot plate with acid-washed sea sand at 135 ̊C for 25 min and wet heating in an autoclave at 120 ̊C for 20 min). The study examined(More)
A novel antihypertensive peptide (Gly-His-Ser or GHS) with dual inhibition of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) and renin activities was isolated from the 3 kDa membrane ultrafiltration permeate of a pepsin+pancreatin rapeseed protein digest. The IC50 values of GHS were 0.52 ± 0.01 mg/mL and 0.32 ± 0.01 mg/mL for ACE and renin inhibitions, respectively,(More)
This report shows the antioxidant effects of a hemp seed meal protein hydrolysate (HMH) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Defatted hemp seed meal was hydrolyzed consecutively with pepsin and pancreatin to yield HMH, which was incorporated into rat feed as a source of antioxidant peptides. Young (8-week old) SHRs were divided into three groups (8(More)
The aim of this work was to produce antihypertensive protein hydrolysates through different forms of enzymatic hydrolysis (2% pepsin, 4% pepsin, 1% alcalase, 2% alcalase, 2% papain, and 2% pepsin + pancreatin) of hemp seed proteins (HSP). The hemp seed protein hydrolysates (HPHs) were tested for in vitro inhibitions of renin and angiotensin-converting(More)
Thermoase-digested flaxseed protein hydrolysate (FPH) samples and ultrafiltration membrane-separated peptide fractions were initially evaluated for in vitro inhibition of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) and renin activities. The two most active FPH samples and their corresponding peptide fractions were subsequently tested for in vivo antihypertensive(More)
This study investigated short-term (24 h) and long-term (5 wk) systolic blood pressure (SBP)-lowering effects in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) of a 5 kDa membrane pea protein hydrolysate permeate (PPH-5) produced through thermoase hydrolysis of pea protein isolate (PPI). Amino acid analysis showed that the PPH-5 had lower contents of(More)