Sundarasamy Mahalingam

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The vpr gene product of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is a virion-associated protein that is essential for efficient viral replication in monocytes/macrophages. Vpr is primarily localized in the nucleus when expressed in the absence of other viral proteins. Vpr is packaged efficiently into viral particles through interactions with the p6(More)
The HIV-1 accessory gene product Vpr can influence viral pathogenesis by affecting viral replication as well as host cell transcription and proliferation. We have investigated the effects of Vpr on host cell activation and confirm that it influences cellular proliferation. However, we have also found that Vpr modulates T-cell receptor (TCR)-triggered(More)
Grn1p from fission yeast and GNL3L from human cells, two putative GTPases from the novel HSR1_MMR1 GTP-binding protein subfamily with circularly permuted G-motifs play a critical role in maintaining normal cell growth. Deletion of Grn1 resulted in a severe growth defect, a marked reduction in mature rRNA species with a concomitant accumulation of the 35S(More)
We report that the fission yeast nucleoporin Nup124p is required for the nuclear import of both, retrotransposon Tf1-Gag as well as the retroviral HIV-1 Vpr. Failure to import Tf1-Gag into the nucleus in a nup124 null mutant resulted in complete loss of Tf1 transposition. Similarly, nuclear import of HIV-1 Vpr was impaired in nup124 null mutant strains and(More)
Protein transport into the nucleus is generally considered to involve specific nuclear localization signals (NLS) though it is becoming increasingly evident that efficient and well controlled import of proteins which lack a canonical NLS also occurs in cells. Vpx, a 112 amino acid protein from human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) and the closely(More)
Immunization with nucleic acids has been shown to induce both antigen-specific cellular and humoral immune responses in vivo. We hypothesize that immunization with DNA could be enhanced by directing specific immune responses induced by the vaccine based on the differential correlates of protection known for a particular pathogen. Recently we and others(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Vpr, a 14-kDa virion-associated protein, plays an important role in the viral life cycle. Using a panel of truncated HIV-1 LTR-CAT constructs and Vpr expression plasmid, we have identified sequences from nucleotide -278 to -176 in LTR as Vpr-mediated transactivation domain. This region includes the glucocorticoid(More)
The HIV-1 accessory gene product Vpr can influence viral pathogenesis by affecting viral replication as well as host cell transcription and proliferation. We have investigated the effects of Vpr on host cell activation and confirm that it influences cellular proliferation. However, we have also found that Vpr modulates T-cell receptor (TCR)-triggered(More)
Several important and possibly interrelated functions have been identified for the HIV-1 accessory gene product Vpr. These include import of the HIV reverse transcription complex into the nucleus of nondividing cells, cellular differentiation including cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase border, immune suppression, and enhancement of virus replication. We(More)
Ras proteins regulate a wide range of biological processes by interacting with a variety of effector proteins. In addition to the known role in tumorigensis, the activated form of Ras exhibits growth-inhibitory effects by unknown mechanisms. Several Ras effector proteins identified as mediators of apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest also exhibit properties(More)