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The sorting of transmembrane proteins to endosomes and lysosomes is mediated by signals present in the cytosolic tails of the proteins. A subset of these signals conform to the [DE]XXXL[LI] consensus motif and mediate sorting via interactions with heterotetrameric adaptor protein (AP) complexes. However, the identity of the AP subunits that recognize these(More)
A cDNA encoding a double-stranded-RNA (dsRNA)-binding protein was isolated by screening a HeLa cell cDNA expression library for proteins that bind the HIV-1 Rev-responsive-element RNA. The cDNA encoded a protein that was identical to TRBP, the previously reported cellular protein that binds the transactivation response element (TAR) RNA of human(More)
The yeast two-hybrid system and far-Western protein blot analysis were used to demonstrate dimerization of human double-stranded RNA (dsRNA)-dependent protein kinase (PKR) in vivo and in vitro. A catalytically inactive mutant of PKR with a single amino acid substitution (K296R) was found to dimerize in vivo, and a mutant with a deletion of the catalytic(More)
Amino acid sequence of human respiratory syncytial virus envelope glycoprotein (G) was deduced from the DNA sequence of a recombinant plasmid and confirmed by limited amino acid microsequencing of purified 90K G protein. The calculated molecular mass of the protein encoded by the only long open reading frame of 298 amino acids was 32,588 daltons and was(More)
he sorting of transmembrane proteins to endosomes and lysosomes is mediated by signals present in the cytosolic tails of the proteins. A subset of these signals conform to the [DE]XXXL[LI] consensus motif and mediate sorting via interactions with heterotetrameric adaptor protein (AP) complexes. However, the identity of the AP sub-units that recognize these(More)
A recombinant cDNA plasmid (pRSA3) containing an almost full-length copy of the mRNA encoding respiratory syncytial virus phosphoprotein was identified in a cDNA library prepared with mRNA from respiratory syncytial virus-infected cells. The cDNA insert was sequenced, and a protein of 27,150 daltons was deduced from the DNA sequence. The protein is(More)
The high-level expression of HIV-1 Rev in Escherichia coli is described. Protein in crude bacterial extracts was dissociated from bound nucleic acid with urea. A simple purification and renaturation protocol, monitored by circular dichroism, is described which results in high yields of pure protein. The purified protein binds with high affinity to the(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) enter target cells by forming a complex between the viral envelope protein and two cell-surface membrane receptors: CD4 and a 7-span transmembrane chemokine receptor. Isolates of HIV that differ in cellular tropism use different subsets of chemokine receptors as entry cofactors:(More)
Desensitization of the chemokine receptors, a large class of G protein-coupled receptors, is mediated in part by agonist-driven receptor endocytosis. However, the exact pathways have not been fully defined. Here we demonstrate that the rate of ligand-induced endocytosis of CCR5 in leukocytes and expression systems is significantly slower than that of CXCR4(More)
The nature of the ends of the vaccinia virus genome was determined by nucleotide sequencing. Our finding of terminal hairpins indicated that the linear double-stranded DNA molecule consists of a single continuous polynucleotide chain. The 104 nucleotide apex of the hairpin contains predominantly A and T residues and is incompletely based-paired. These loops(More)