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As the obligate heterodimer partner to class II nuclear receptors, the retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha) plays a vital physiological role in the regulation of multiple hepatic functions, including bile formation, intermediary metabolism, and endobiotic/xenobiotic detoxification. Many RXRalpha-regulated genes are themselves suppressed in inflamed liver(More)
An apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) has recently been cloned and characterized in the rat ileum. Northern and Western blotting revealed both the ASBT mRNA and protein in rat kidney. The coding sequence of the kidney transcript was found to be identical to the previously cloned ileal ASBT. Indirect immunofluorescence studies localized the(More)
Partial hepatectomy leads to an orchestrated regenerative response, activating a cascade of cell signaling events necessary for cell cycle progression and proliferation of hepatocytes. However, the identity of the humoral factors that trigger the activation of these pathways in the concerted regenerative response in hepatocytes remains elusive. In recent(More)
The orphan nuclear hormone receptor SHP has been proposed to have a key role in the negative feedback regulation of bile acid production. Consistent with this, mice lacking the SHP gene exhibit mild defects in bile acid homeostasis and fail to repress cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase expression in response to a specific agonist for the bile acid receptor(More)
Ankyrins are a family of adapter molecules that mediate linkages between integral membrane and cytoskeletal proteins. Such interactions are crucial to the polarized distribution of membrane proteins in transporting epithelia. We have cloned and characterized a novel 190-kDa member of this family from a rat kidney cDNA library, which we term AnkG190 based on(More)
A1 adenosine receptors (A1ARs) are expressed in the brain during critical periods of neurogenesis and neuronal differentiation. To examine influences of A1AR activation on neuronal development we studied the effects of A1AR activation on process growth in PC12 cells expressing A1ARs and in primary cultures of cortical and hippocampal neurons. In PC12 cells,(More)
Brief periods of in vitro hypoxia/ischemia induce apoptosis of cultured renal epithelial cells, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We show that partial ATP depletion (approximately 10-65% of control) results in a duration-dependent induction of apoptosis in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, as evidenced by internucleosomal DNA cleavage (DNA(More)
Bile flow is rapidly and markedly reduced in hepatic inflammation, correlating with suppression of critical hepatic bile acid transporter gene expression, including the principal hepatic bile acid importer, the Na(+)/taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (Ntcp, Slc10a1). Endotoxin treatment of rats and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment of animals down-regulates the expression of hepatic genes involved in a broad variety of physiological processes, collectively known as the negative hepatic acute phase response (APR). Retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha), the most highly expressed RXR isoform in liver, plays a central role in regulating bile(More)
The recent cloning of a human sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (NTCP) permits analysis of its expression in human liver disease and investigation of potential primary defects in its expression. NTCP from normal human liver (NHL) was first characterized in detail. Northern blotting of RNA from NHL revealed a 1.8-kb NTCP transcript. Western blotting of(More)