Sundararajah Thevananther

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As the obligate heterodimer partner to class II nuclear receptors, the retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha) plays a vital physiological role in the regulation of multiple hepatic functions, including bile formation, intermediary metabolism, and endobiotic/xenobiotic detoxification. Many RXRalpha-regulated genes are themselves suppressed in inflamed liver(More)
Brief periods of in vitro hypoxia/ischemia induce apoptosis of cultured renal epithelial cells, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We show that partial ATP depletion (approximately 10-65% of control) results in a duration-dependent induction of apoptosis in Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells, as evidenced by internucleosomal DNA cleavage (DNA(More)
Bile flow is rapidly and markedly reduced in hepatic inflammation, correlating with suppression of critical hepatic bile acid transporter gene expression, including the principal hepatic bile acid importer, the Na(+)/taurocholate co-transporting polypeptide (Ntcp, Slc10a1). Endotoxin treatment of rats and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) treatment of(More)
An apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) has recently been cloned and characterized in the rat ileum. Northern and Western blotting revealed both the ASBT mRNA and protein in rat kidney. The coding sequence of the kidney transcript was found to be identical to the previously cloned ileal ASBT. Indirect immunofluorescence studies localized the(More)
BACKGROUND: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) treatment of animals down-regulates the expression of hepatic genes involved in a broad variety of physiological processes, collectively known as the negative hepatic acute phase response (APR). Retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha), the most highly expressed RXR isoform in liver, plays a central role in regulating bile(More)
Active K absorption in the rat distal colon is energized by an apical H-K-ATPase, a member of the gene family of P-type ATPases. The H-K-ATPase alpha-subunit (HKcalpha) has been cloned and characterized (together with the beta-subunit of either Na-K-ATPase or gastric H-K-ATPase) in Xenopus oocytes as ouabain-sensitive (86)Rb uptake. In contrast, HKcalpha,(More)
Ankyrins are a family of adapter molecules that mediate linkages between integral membrane and cytoskeletal proteins. Such interactions are crucial to the polarized distribution of membrane proteins in transporting epithelia. We have cloned and characterized a novel 190-kDa member of this family from a rat kidney cDNA library, which we term AnkG190 based on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Retinoid X receptor alpha (RXRalpha), the heterodimeric partner for multiple nuclear receptors (NRs), was shown to be an essential target for inflammation-induced cJun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling in vitro. This study aimed to explore the role of hepatic JNK signaling and its effects on nuclear RXRalpha levels downstream of(More)
The rat ileal apical Na+-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) and the liver Na+-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (Ntcp) are members of a new family of anion transporters. These transport proteins share limited sequence homology and almost identical predicted secondary structures but are localized to the apical surface of ileal enterocytes and the(More)
The orphan nuclear hormone receptor SHP has been proposed to have a key role in the negative feedback regulation of bile acid production. Consistent with this, mice lacking the SHP gene exhibit mild defects in bile acid homeostasis and fail to repress cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase expression in response to a specific agonist for the bile acid receptor(More)