Sundaram Gunasekaran

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This study was designed to re-examine the interrelationships among ultimate pH (pH(u)), electrical conductivity (EC) and water-holding capacity (WHC), and to test if EC, using one of two EC instruments, and pH(u) can be used to predict WHC. The % drip (PD) was used as measure of WHC. Forty-seven pork loins were classified either as PSE (pale, soft,(More)
Sub-100-nm nanoparticles were prepared from beta-lactoglobulin (BLG) with a narrow size distribution by a desolvation method using glutaraldehyde for cross-linking. With pre-heating of the BLG solution to 60 degrees C and subsequent pH readjustment to 9.0, nanoparticles of 59 +/- 5 nm were obtained with improved uniformity. Bovine serum albumin (BSA)(More)
Patients with voice impairment caused by advanced vocal fold (VF) fibrosis or tissue loss have few treatment options. A transplantable, bioengineered VF mucosa would address the individual and societal costs of voice-related communication loss. Such a tissue must be biomechanically capable of aerodynamic-to-acoustic energy transfer and high-frequency(More)
The influences of protein concentration (0.2, 1, 2wt%) and oil-phase volume fraction (5%, 20%, 40% v/v) on emulsion stability and rheological properties were investigated in whey protein isolate (WPI)-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions containing 0.2wt% xanthan gum (XG). The data of droplet size, surface charge, creaming index, oxidative stability, and(More)
An ideal solid material will respond to an applied load by deforming ®nitely and recovering that deformation upon removal of the load. Such a response is called ``elastic''. Ideal elastic materials obey Hooke's law, which describes a direct proportionality between the stress ( ) and strain ( ) via a proportionality constant called modulus (G), i.e., ˆ G .(More)
A facile one-step strategy is reported to synthesize nanocomposites of chitosan-reduced graphene oxide-nickel nanoparticles (CS-RGO-NiNPs) onto a screen-printed electrode (SPE). The synthesis is initiated by electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions and formation of self-assembled nanocomposite precursors of negatively charged graphene oxide (GO) and(More)
Two sets of heat-induced hydrogels were prepared from whey protein concentrate (WPC), one set at a constant concentration [15% (w/v)] and varying pHs (pH 5.1–10.0) and the other set at a constant pH (10.0) and varying concentrations (12%, 15%, and 18%). At a given pH, the higher the protein concentration, the shorter was the gelation time and the larger(More)
The formation of ice during freezing of pasta filata and non-pasta filata Mozzarella cheeses, and the spatial redistribution of water T2 relaxation time and the changes of water self-diffusion coefficient (D) within the unfrozen and frozen-stored cheese samples were observed by nuclear magnetic resonance imaging. Images of water spin number density and(More)
The scaling of viscoelastic properties of heat-induced gels prepared from egg white was investigated at five pH values (pH 3–11) and various protein concentrations (5–20%) using small-deformation oscillatory rheological measurements. Protein gels were formed by heating samples at 80 8C for 1 h followed by cooling to 25 8C. Storage modulus, G0 and critical(More)
Biodegradable titanium dioxide (TiO(2))/whey protein isolate (WPI) blend films were made by casting denatured WPI film solutions incorporated with TiO(2) nanoparticles. X-ray diffraction, UV-vis spectra, and fluorescence spectra of the films showed the successful incorporation of TiO(2) nanoparticles into the WPI matrix and indicated the interactions(More)