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The extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase, ERK2, fully activated by phosphorylation and without a His(6) tag, shows little tendency to dimerize with or without either calcium or magnesium ions when analyzed by light scattering or analytical ultracentrifugation. Light scattering shows that ~90% of ERK2 is monomeric. Sedimentation equilibrium data(More)
The mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase ERK2 contains recruitment sites that engage canonical and noncanonical motifs found in a variety of upstream kinases, regulating phosphatases and downstream targets. Interactions involving two of these sites, the D-recruitment site (DRS) and the F-recruitment site (FRS), have been shown to play a key role in signal(More)
The up-regulation of JNK activity is associated with a number of disease states. The JNK-JIP1 interaction represents an attractive target for the inhibition of JNK-mediated signaling. In this study, molecular dynamics simulations have been performed on the apo-JNK1 and the JNK1•L-pepJIP1 and JNK1•D-pepJIP1 complexes to investigate the interaction between(More)
Despite their lack of selectivity toward c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) isoforms, peptides derived from the JIP (JNK Interacting Protein) scaffolds linked to the cell-penetrating peptide TAT are widely used to investigate JNK-mediated signaling events. To engineer an isoform-selective peptide inhibitor, several JIP-based peptide sequences were designed and(More)
ERK2 primarily recognizes substrates through two recruitment sites, which lie outside the active site cleft of the kinase. These recruitment sites bind modular-docking sequences called docking sites and are potentially attractive sites for the development of non-ATP competitive inhibitors. The D-recruitment site (DRS) and the F-recruitment site (FRS) bind(More)
The Zn(II)/Co(II)-sensing transcriptional repressor, Staphylococcus aureus CzrA, is a homodimer containing a symmetry-related pair of subunit-bridging tetrahedral N(3)O metal sensor coordination sites. A metal-induced quaternary structural change within the homodimer is thought to govern the biological activity of this and other metal sensor proteins. Here,(More)
The mechanisms by which MAP kinases recognize and phosphorylate substrates are not completely understood. Efforts to understand the mechanisms have been compromised by the lack of MAPK-substrate structures. While MAPK-substrate docking is well established as a viable mechanism for bringing MAPKs and substrates into close proximity the molecular details of(More)
Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase 2 (ERK2) plays many vital roles in cellular signal regulation. Phosphorylation of ERK2 leads to propagation and execution of various extracellular stimuli, which influence cellular responses to stress. The final response of the ERK2 signaling pathway is determined by localization and duration of active ERK2 at(More)
Here, we demonstrate that a metal ion binding motif could serve as an efficient and robust tool for site-specific conjugation strategy. Cysteine-containing metal binding motifs were constructed as single repeat or tandem repeat peptides and their metal binding characteristics were investigated. The tandem repeats of the Cysteine-Glycine-Histidine (CGH)(More)
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