Sunao Takemura

Learn More
BACKGROUND In the adult mammalian brain, it is considered that neurogenesis persists in limited regions such as the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) and the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle. On the other hand, neurogenesis in the cortex after cerebral ischemia and its role in post-stroke recovery have not been clarified yet. In this study,(More)
Mutations in the genes encoding isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2 have been detected in a significant proportion of diffuse gliomas and in a small fraction of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cases. Recently, in an examination of various types of mesenchymal tumor, IDH1/2 mutations were only found in cartilaginous tumors including central conventional and(More)
BACKGROUND Pituitary abscess is an extremely rare finding. The abscess may arise as a primary pituitary lesion or be associated with parasellar pathology. It is important for pituitary abscess treatments to perform early diagnosis. In this report, we describe a case of pituitary adenoma in which MRI findings changed during the follow-up period and strongly(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative high-field magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) is a useful modality for immediate intraoperative quality control. With iMRI, a surgeon can confirm whether tumor remnants exist during surgery; which makes it possible to add further resection, obtain a higher resection rate, and improve the cure rate. It is sometimes difficult to(More)
We had performed indirect revascularization surgery, mainly EMS, for cases with moyamoya disease, because EMS can revascularize a large area including the territory of anterior cerebral artery. However, in our initial cases, we found that three sides in two cases had post-operative ischemic complications. These cases suggested that intracranial hypertension(More)
Although the white matter lesions, so called leuko-araiosis, often seen in elderly people have been gaining attention due to their association with cognitive dysfunction (CD) and high risk of incident stroke, the pathological significance of these lesions still remains controversial. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the alterations in(More)
Although there are various operative approaches for clival tumors, a transsphenoidal approach is one of choices when the main tumor extention is in an anterior-posterior direction with a slight lateral extension. However, this approach sometimes provides only narrow and deep operative field. Recently, endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach is quite(More)
Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is a rare entity. In the central nervous system, AT/RT generally arises from the posterior fossa of infants and behaves aggressively. AT/RT is reported to arise from the infratentorial region (63%) and other sites, such as the suprasellar region, cerebellopontine angle, and spinal cord. The pineal region is rare (6%)(More)
The pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics of KNI-272, a potent and selective HIV-1 protease inhibitor, were evaluated in rats after intravenous (IV) administration. The effect of dose on KNI-272 plasma kinetics, and the urinary and biliary elimination kinetics of KNI-272, were examined. After IV administration of 10.0 mg kg-1 KNI-272, the mean terminal(More)
OBJECT Neural stem cells (NSCs) have been demonstrated in the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle and the subgranular zone of the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG). Although aging rats manifest a decrease in NSCs, rats exposed to stress (for example, ischemia, epilepsy, radiation, and trauma) show an increase in these cells. In transgenic mice,(More)