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OBJECTIVES To test whether health-related quality of life (HRQL) based on societal standards differs between very low birth weight/very preterm (VLBW/VP) and full-term (FT) adolescents using self and parent proxy reports. Also, to examine whether self and parent reported HRQL is explained by indicators of objective functioning in childhood. STUDY DESIGN(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether there are differences in attachment security and disorganisation between very preterm or very low birthweight (VP/VLBW) (<32 weeks gestation or <1500 g birthweight) and full-term infants (37-42 weeks gestation) and whether the pathways to disorganised attachment differ between VP/VLBW and full-term infants. DESIGN The(More)
In intrasexual competition (competition for reproductive resources), bullying can be viewed as a tool to devalue competitors, gain a high status and a powerful, dominant position in the peer group which may lead to beneficial gains such as access to potential romantic partners. This study investigated the relationship between intrasexual competition,(More)
BACKGROUND While it is well established that very preterm birth (gestational age at birth <32 weeks) is related to increased attention problems, there is still considerable uncertainty of the effects of moderate or late preterm birth or smallness for gestational age (SGA) on attention regulation. AIMS To investigate the impact of gestational age at birth(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if adverse effects of preterm birth on attention and academic abilities at age 8 years are mediated by children's inhibitory control abilities. STUDY DESIGN Five hundred fifty-eight children born at 26-41 weeks gestation were studied as part of a prospective geographically defined longitudinal investigation in Germany. Toddlers'(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether children born very preterm, moderate-late preterm, and term differ in their average level and individual-difference stability in language performance over time. STUDY DESIGN Language was assessed at 5 and 20 months and 4, 6, and 8 years of age in 204 very preterm (<32 weeks' gestation), 276 moderate-late preterm (32-36(More)
Background. Existing research suggests that there is a relationship between greater exposure to center-based child care and child behavioral problems though the mechanism for the impact is unclear. However the measure used to document child care has usually been average hours, which may be particularly unreliable in the early months when fewer children are(More)
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