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OBJECTIVE HOXA10, expressed in endometrium, plays an important role in uterine receptivity at the time of implantation. In the endometrium of women with endometriosis, its expression is reduced. The aim of this study was to determine whether the observed aberrant expression of HOXA10 is caused by aberrant methylation of the gene. STUDY DESIGN Endometrial(More)
The physiological effects of progesterone (P) are mediated by two isoforms of progesterone receptors (PRs): PR-A and PR-B. Progestins have long been used in the treatment of endometriosis but unfortunately the relief of pain is relatively short-term. In addition, about nine percent of women with endometriosis simply do not respond to progestin therapy due(More)
OBJECTIVE Since endometriosis is a persistent disease with substantial gene dysregulation, there must be cellular memory of some sort that constitutes a unique cell identity for endometriotic cells. Epigenetic regulation, especially through DNA methylation, is a flexible, yet stable, mechanism for maintaining such a cellular memory. The aim of this study(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that endometriosis may originate from genomic alterations in the endometrium by genomic analysis of endometrial tissues in patients with endometriosis and compare them with those from normal controls. METHODS Endometrial tissue samples were taken from five women with endometriosis. For controls, we used endometrial tissue(More)
Endometriosis is a common gynecologic disorder with an enigmatic etiopathogenesis. Although it has been proposed that endometriosis is a hormonal disease, an autoimmune disease, a genetic disease, and a disease caused by exposure to environmental toxins, our understanding of its etiopathogenesis is still inadequate, as reflected by recent apparent setbacks(More)
Adenomyosis is a fairly common gynecologic disease with unknown pathogenesis. We sought to investigate as to whether the promoter of progesterone receptor isoform B (PR-B) is hypermethylated in adenomyosis and to investigate the treatment of ectopic endometrial stromal cells with trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDI), and(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate the expression and localization of oxytocin receptor (OTR) and transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) in women with and without adenomyosis. STUDY DESIGN Ectopic and homologous eutopic endometrium from 50 women with adenomyosis and endometrium from 18 women without adenomyosis were used for(More)
BACKGROUND The 2004 American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology clinical management guideline states that the prevalence of endometriosis is approximately 33% in women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP). This estimate came from a review showing that 28% of adult women with CPP were found to have endometriosis. The prevalence of 28% in adult women was arrived(More)
The manifestation of many complex diseases or traits is very likely the result of an inextricable interplay of the biological and the environmental. Yet the role of environmental effect has traditionally been played down, for various reasons. In this paper, some simple statistical models that incorporate gene-environment interaction (GEI) have been proposed(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Ectopic and eutopic endometria of women with endometriosis have been shown to contain genomic alterations. In this study, we sought to identify genomic alterations in both ectopic and eutopic endometria of 5 women with endometriosis and to examine whether the two tissues share any genomic alterations. We also attempted to classify tissue(More)