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The Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (ROCF), which was developed by Rey in 1941 and standardized by Osterrieth in 1944, is a widely used neuropsychological test for the evaluation of visuospatial constructional ability and visual memory. Recently, the ROCF has been a useful tool for measuring executive function that is mediated by the prefrontal lobe. The(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical guidelines can improve health-care delivery, but there are a number of challenges in adopting and implementing the current practice guidelines for depression. The aim of this study was to determine clinical experiences and perceived barriers to the implementation of these guidelines in psychiatric care. METHODS A web-based survey was(More)
The affordability of digital cameras, storages, processors and the advances in these areas are encouraging people to take hundreds of photos at once. However, managing the large number of photographs involves arduous tasks such as selecting good quality photos and classifying and labeling each photo. Generally, users put their photos into certain(More)
Rho-associated coil kinase (ROCK) inhibitors reportedly prevent neurodegeneration, and abnormal ROCK activation in the central nervous system induces neurite collapse and retraction. However, it is unclear whether the ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 directly protects hippocampal neurons from excitotoxicity. Here, we determined the effects of Y-27632 on(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Management of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) imposes a heavy economic burden. This study was to estimate the epidemio-logic features of IBS and to report the IBS burden for the first time in the Korean population. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted using the National Health Insurance (NHI) system database, which covers the(More)
BACKGROUND Aquafol, a microemulsion propofol, causes more severe and frequent pain on injection than propofol. The purpose of this study was to compare a combination of lidocaine and ketamine on aquafol-induced pain with lidocaine or ketamine alone during the induction of anesthesia. METHODS In this prospective, randomized, double-blinded study, 130(More)
Verbal abuse is becoming a serious social problem in online communication, because anonymity makes it easier to use profanities. Detecting and removing some words that have been registered in a forbidden list is a straightforward filtering method. This is simple, but preparing the forbidden word list is difficult as newly coined words have to be added to(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an aprepitant, neurokinin-1(NK1) receptor antagonist, for reducing postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) for up to 24 hours in patients regarded as high risk undergoing gynecological surgery with intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (IV PCA) using fentanyl. METHODS In this(More)
BACKGROUND This study was performed to compare the effectiveness of prophylactic dexamethasone and postintubation dexamethasone in reducing the incidence and severity of postoperative sore throat (POST). METHODS This was a prospective, randomized, double-blind clinical trial. The study population consisted of 70 patients between 20 and 60 years old who(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a small noncoding RNA molecule, 19–25 nucleotides in length, which regulates several pathways including cell development, cell proliferation, carcinogenesis, apoptosis, etc. In this study, the over-expression of microRNA-205 (miR-205) increased the number of apoptotic cells by at least 4 times compared to the control. In addition,(More)