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When ginsenoside Rg3 was anaerobically incubated with human fecal microflora, all specimens metabolized ginsenoside Rg3 to ginsenoside Rh2 and protopanaxadiol. The main metabolite was ginsenoside Rh2. 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg3 was quickly transformed to 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh2 or 20(S)-protopanaxadiol in an amount 19-fold that compared with the transformation of(More)
When ginsenoside R(c) was anaerobically incubated with human fecal microflora, all specimens metabolized ginsenoside R(c) to compound K and protopanaxadiol. The main metabolite was compound K. Among the bacteria isolated from human fecal microflora, most bacteria, such as Bacteroides sp., Eubacterium sp., and Bifidobacterium sp. potently transformed(More)
Two arabinosidases, alpha-L-arabinopyranosidase (no EC number) and alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase (EC 3.2.1.55), were purified from ginsenoside-metabolizing Bifidobacterium breve K-110, which was isolated from human intestinal microflora. alpha-L-Arabinopyranosidase was purified to apparent homogeneity, using a combination of ammonium sulfate fractionation,(More)
Downstream of Bid (DOBI) known as Pus10, has been identified as a modulator of TRAIL-induced cell death using RNAi library screening. The crystal structure of DOBI has revealed that it is a crescent-shaped protein containing the pseudouridine synthase catalytic domain and a THUMP-containing domain. Here, we demonstrated that DOBI is expressed in various(More)
Cisplatin is a platinum-containing chemotherapeutic drug that has been widely used to treat various human cancers. It acts by forming inter- and intracross-links of DNA, which is believed to be a major cause for its therapeutic efficacy. However, little attention has been paid to the effect of cisplatin on death ligand-induced cell death. Here we(More)
Obesity, a condition in which an abnormally large amount of fat is stored in adipose tissue, causing an increase in body weight, has become a major public health concern worldwide. The purpose of this study was to optimize the process for fermented milk for the production of a functional product with an anti-obesity effect by using Lactobacillus plantarum(More)
In developed countries, cervical cancer screening programs have been highly successful. In the United States a 70% decrease in the mortality of cervical cancer has occurred since the 1960's largely due to the Papanicolaou test. However, it is not clear how best to translate these advances to developing countries, where cervical cancer remains the leading(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a small noncoding RNA molecule, 19–25 nucleotides in length, which regulates several pathways including cell development, cell proliferation, carcinogenesis, apoptosis, etc. In this study, the over-expression of microRNA-205 (miR-205) increased the number of apoptotic cells by at least 4 times compared to the control. In addition,(More)
The geno-, and eco-toxicity of nonlyphenol (NP) and bisphenol A (BPA) were investigated in Daphnia magna, and Chironomus riparius. BPA may exert a genotoxicity on both species, whereas NP-induced DNA damage occurred only in C. riparius. In NP-exposed D. magna, increased mortality, without effect on DNA integrity was observed, an example of a false-negative(More)
To identify potential biomarkers for the monitoring and risk assessment of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), the oxidative stress-related DNA damage and p53 modification were investigated in human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Benzo[a]pyrene exposure induced a decrease in the cell viability, but increased the antioxidant enzyme activity as well as the DNA and lipid damage. The(More)