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A common polymorphism in the cyclin D1 gene enhances the gene's alternate splicing. The alternatively spliced product encodes an altered protein that does not contain sequences involved in the turnover of the protein. We found that hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal carcinoma patients who were homozygous or heterozygous for the mutant allele developed(More)
BACKGROUND Elucidating the molecular mechanisms by which tumors become resistant to Herceptin is critical for the treatment of Her2-overexpressed metastatic breast cancer. METHODS To further understand Herceptin resistance mechanisms at the molecular level, we used comparative proteome approaches to analyze two human breast cancer cell lines;(More)
Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk) has a well-defined role in B-cell development, whereas its expression in osteoclasts (OCs) further suggests a role in osteoclastogenesis. Here we investigated effects of PCI-32765, an oral and selective Btk inhibitor, on osteoclastogenesis as well as on multiple myeloma (MM) growth within the BM microenvironment. PCI-32765(More)
ATP-binding cassette transporter G2 (ABCG2) is the most recently described transporter of the multidrug-resistance pump and it promotes resistance to anticancer drugs such as doxorubicin, mitoxantrone, topotecan, and SN-38. Of the ABCG2 polymorphisms, V12M and Q141K alter the functional activity of the ABCG2 transporter and influence the drug response and(More)
PURPOSE We conducted a phase I study of S-1 combined with irinotecan and oxaliplatin (TIROX) to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended dose (RD) and to assess its safety, pharmacokinetics, pharmacogenetics, and preliminary efficacy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC) or metastatic gastric cancer (MGC). METHODS Patients(More)
AIMS S-1, an oral fluoropyrimidine, contains tegafur, which is converted to 5-fluorouracil mainly by CYP2A6. We evaluated the association between CYP2A6 polymorphisms and treatment outcome in metastatic gastric cancer patients treated with S-1 plus docetaxel. MATERIALS & METHODS Chemonaive patients received S-1 40 mg/m(2) twice daily on days 1-14 and(More)
BACKGROUND The immune system might influence breast cancer (BC) prognosis. However, the relationship between programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) profiles remains unclear with respect to BC subtypes. PATIENTS AND METHODS We investigated the relationship between TIL profiles for CD8+ and forkhead box P3-positive(More)
The effect of interferon dose on lymphocyte subsets is unclear for humans, especially with prolonged intermittent administration. Enumeration of T4 and T8 cells and natural killer (NK) cell activity against K562 cells were examined as part of our ongoing randomized clinical study comparing low- and high-dose treatment strategies. Fifty-four patients have(More)
We prospectively investigated the association between a change of serum vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patient prognosis. The study involved 147 patients with unresectable HCC treated at the National Cancer Center, Korea, between July and December 2005.(More)
Recurrence of multiple myeloma (MM) after therapy suggests the presence of tumor-initiating subpopulations. In our study, we performed flow cytometry-based Hoechst 33342 staining to evaluate the existence of a MM population with stem-like features known as side population (SP) cells. SP cells exhibit substantial heterogeneity in MM cell lines and primary MM(More)