Sun Ying

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Primary writing tremor (PWT) is considered to be a type of task-specific tremor in which tremor predominantly occurs and interferes with handwriting. The pathophysiology of PWT is not clear. Primary writing tremor may be a variant of essential tremor, a type of focal dystonia such as writer's cramp, or a separate nosological entity. Botulinum toxin(More)
Interleukin (IL) 25 (IL-17E), a distinct member of the IL-17 cytokine family, plays important roles in evoking T helper type 2 (Th2) cell-mediated inflammation that features the infiltrations of eosinophils and Th2 memory cells. However, the cellular sources, target cells, and underlying mechanisms remain elusive in humans. We demonstrate that human Th2(More)
Cryostat sections from skin biopsies from 24-h allergen-induced late-phase cutaneous reactions (LPR) in 14 human atopic subjects were hybridized with 35S-labeled RNA probes for a number of cytokines. mRNA was detected for interleukin 3 (IL3) (8/14), IL4 (10/14), IL5 (11/14), and granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) (13/14). Only 5 of 14(More)
AIMS Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated both structural and functional abnormalities in widespread brain regions in patients with subcortical vascular mild cognitive impairment (svMCI). However, whether and how these changes alter functional brain network organization remains largely unknown. METHODS We recruited 21 patients with svMCI and 26 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Naturally occurring IgE-specific IgG autoantibodies have been identified in patients with asthma and other diseases, but their spectrum of functions is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE Address the hypothesis that: (i) IgG anti-IgE autoantibodies are detectable in the serum of all subjects but elevated in asthmatic patients regardless of atopic(More)
Asthma is a common disease in the worldwide and it affects over 3.5 million adults and children in the UK. Asthma is a chronic disease characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, airway inflammation, airway remodelling and reversible airway obstruction. Inflammatory cells, cytokines, chemokines, adhesion molecules, and mediators are involved in(More)
Coronaviruses are a family of large positive-sense RNA viruses that are responsible for a wide range of important veterinary and human diseases. Nsp1 has been shown to have an important role in the pathogenetic mechanisms of coronaviruses in vivo. To assess the function of a relatively conserved domain (LLRKxGxKG) of MHV nsp1, a mutant virus, MHV-nsp1-27D,(More)
Fc ε RI receptors play an important role in allergen-induced mediator release and antigen presentation by mast cells, basophils, and monocyte ր macrophages in atopic disorders. The expression of Fc ε RI by tissue eosinophils in atopic asthma after allergen challenge has not been established. For this reason we attempted to identify mRNA and protein product(More)
We sought to identify cells and cytokines in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluids that distinguish asthma from healthy control subjects and those that distinguish controlled asthma from uncontrolled asthma. Following informed consent, 36 human subjects were recruited for this study. These included 11 healthy control subjects, 15 subjects with controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Th2-promoting cytokine IL-25 might contribute to bronchial mucosal vascular remodelling in asthma through its receptor expressed by vascular endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells. METHODS By utilising a newly established chronic asthma murine model induced by direct exposure of the airways to IL-25 alone, we examined effects of IL-25 on(More)