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BACKGROUND The BRAFV600E mutation is highly specific to papillary thyroid carcinoma. A test for this mutation may increase the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), especially in a BRAFV600E mutation-prevalent population. METHODS This prospective study enrolled 1074 patients with thyroid nodules who underwent both FNAC and(More)
The indications for and extent of routine lymph node dissection in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the extent of central lymph node dissection (CLND) and the therapeutic effects and potential risks in patients with a small PTC. A total of 103 patients with a PTC <2(More)
We used the framework of the equilibrium-point hypothesis (in its updated form based on the notion of referent configuration) to investigate the multi-digit synergies at two levels of a hypothetical hierarchy involved in prehensile actions. Synergies were analyzed at the thumb-virtual finger (VF) level (VF is an imaginary digit with the mechanical action(More)
BACKGROUND Between 10 and 30% of the fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) of thyroid nodules are diagnosed as 'indeterminate'. A molecular diagnostic method is needed to reduce unnecessary surgery in this group. In Korea, most thyroid cancer is the classic papillary type and the BRAF(V600E) mutation is highly prevalent. AIM To evaluate the role of(More)
OBJECTIVE Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that excess weight increases the risk of thyroid cancer. However, the associations between excess weight and prognostic factors for thyroid cancer are uncertain. We evaluated the relationships between body mass index (BMI) and clinico-pathological features and outcomes of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). (More)
We studied the effects of practice of an unusual two-hand finger force production task on electromyographic and force responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Prior to practice, force production by a hand resulted in decreased TMS-induced responses in the other hand. After practice, fingers that were explicitly required to produce force during(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors aimed to report 5 cases of patients with penile lipogranuloma-induced full necrosis of penile skin, wherein they obtained good results from simultaneous implementation of Y-V incision to prevent the shortening of penile length together with bipedicular scrotal flap. METHODS The full excision of penile lipogranuloma and a bipedicled(More)
BACKGROUND The ratio of apolipoprotein B (apoB) to apolipoprotein A1 (apoA1) has been reported to be associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and insulin resistance (IR). Non-HDL-C is regarded as a surrogate marker for apoB in routine clinical practice. However, it is unclear whether the ratio of non-HDL-C to HDL-C is an equal or a better predictor than(More)
BACKGROUND Thyroid cancer affects relatively young adults, and its overall survival is excellent. With long life expectancy, the development of subsequent cancers is an important concern for survivors of thyroid cancer. The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence and types of second primary malignancies in Korean patients with thyroid(More)
OBJECTIVE There has been little investigation on the appropriateness of the hand position suggested by various guidelines in paediatric cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). We aimed to identify anatomical structures underneath the chest compression landmarks and tried to find the proper hand position using computed tomography (CT) images for more effective(More)