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The Hardy-Weinberg law plays an important role in the field of population genetics and often serves as a basis for genetic inference. Because of its importance, much attention has been devoted to tests of Hardy-Weinberg proportions (HWP) over the decades. It has long been recognized that large-sample goodness-of-fit tests can sometimes lead to spurious(More)
We introduce a Monte Carlo approach to combined segregation and linkage analysis of a quantitative trait observed in an extended pedigree. In conjunction with the Monte Carlo method of likelihood-ratio evaluation proposed by Thompson and Guo, the method provides for estimation and hypothesis testing. The greatest attraction of this approach is its ability(More)
We describe an extension of Risch's [(1990a,b) Am J Hum Genet 46:222-228, 229-241] method of linkage detection and exclusion for complex genetic traits. The method uses interval mapping to infer disease locus identity-by-descent (IBD) sharing for affected sib pairs (ASPs) based on marker information for the ASP and other genotyped family members. The method(More)
A new integrated image analysis package with quantitative quality control schemes is described for cDNA microarray technology. The package employs an iterative algorithm that utilizes both intensity characteristics and spatial information of the spots on a microarray image for signal-background segmentation and defines five quality scores for each spot to(More)
In a 12.5 cM genome-wide scan for psoriasis susceptibility loci, recombination-based tests revealed linkage to the HLA region (Zmax = 3.52), as well as suggestive linkage to two novel regions: chromosome 16q (60-83.1 cM from pter, Zmax = 2.50), and chromosome 20p (7.5-25 cM from pter, Zmax = 2.62). All three regions yielded P values < or = 0.01 by(More)
Genetic identity, or genetic relatedness, among relatives, is a key concept in kin recognition, which in turn is important in models for inclusive fitness and inbreeding avoidance. A mathematical definition is presented for the genetic identity based on the proportion of genome shared identical by descent by two relatives. The method of Guo [Am J Hum Genet(More)
Human chromosome band 3p14 contains two tightly linked cytogenetic markers of broad interest, FRA3B and the t(3;8) breakpoint associated with hereditary renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The common fragile site at 3p14.2 (FRA3B) is the most sensitive site on normal human chromosomes to breakage when DNA replication is perturbed by aphidicolin or folate stress.(More)
Although methods for computing likelihoods for simple genetic models on large and complex pedigrees have been known for some time, and although methods for evaluating likelihoods for complex genetic models on small pedigrees have likewise been well known, likelihood evaluation for complex models given data on extended pedigrees has remained an intractable(More)
With more and more disease genes being mapped and/or cloned, there is a growing interest in dating the age of underlying mutations. The knowledge of the age of mutation is important to finely map disease genes by linkage disequilibrium mapping. It would also help us understand the origin, evolution, and dispersion of the mutant disease genes. Despite(More)
Linkage-disequilibrium mapping (LDM) recently has been hailed as a powerful statistical method for fine-scale mapping of disease genes. After reviewing its historical background and methodological development, we present a general, mathematical, and conceptually coherent framework for LDM that incorporates multilocus and multiallelic markers and mutational(More)