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Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease/redox effector factor-1 (APE/Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein involved both in DNA base excision repair and redox regulation. Studies have suggested that abnormal Ref-1 levels and/or activities are associated with tumor progression and sensitivities to treatment, but no direct evidence has yet been published regarding(More)
AIMS Our previous studies have shown that nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in increasing the invasion and proliferation of human melanoma cells, suggesting that targeting NO signaling may facilitate therapy and prevention. Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is present in melanocytes, a cell type that originates from the neural crest. The aims of(More)
In Mobile IP, whether mobile nodes are moving or not, lots of messages have to be exchanged for various purposes. The frequent exchange of messages incurs overhead in several ways, especially in terms of energy use in mobile node. Of course, if fewer messages are delivered, issues related with authorization may become problematic. To deal with this(More)
We transformed JB6P+ cells with prolonged intermittent low-dose UVB radiation or prolonged exposure to low-dose H(2)O(2) or CdCl(2). Stable transformation was confirmed by an anchorage-independence assay. The JB6P+ transformants formed more colonies (approximately six folds) in soft agar as compared to their JB6P+ parent cells and were associated with(More)
Nuclear factor kappa B (NFkappaB) is an essential regulator of gene transcription for hundreds of genes, including many critically involved in apoptosis. NFkappaB complexes containing cRel generally activate pro-apoptotic genes, while those with RelA activate anti-apoptotic genes. We have previously shown that NFkappaB binding by RelA is constitutively(More)
Cells in multicellular organisms are exposed to both endogenous oxidative stresses generated metabolically and to oxidative stresses that originate from neighboring cells and from other tissues. To protect themselves from oxidative stress, cells are equipped with reducing buffer systems (glutathione/GSH and thioredoxin/thioredoxin reductase) and have(More)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease-1/redox factor-1 (APE/Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein involved in DNA base excision repair and redox regulation of many transcription factors. In different melanoma cell lines, we found that both nucleus and cytoplasm exhibited higher levels of Ref-1 compared with normal melanocytes. Similar increases of Ref-1(More)
We demonstrated previously that c-Jun, JunB and c-Fos RNA were dysregulated in metastatic melanoma cells compared with normal human melanocytes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distribution in composition of AP-1 dimers in human melanoma pathogenesis. We investigated AP-1 dimer pairing in radial growth phase-like (RGP) (w3211) and vertical(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) integrates multiple signals from growth factors, nutrients, and cellular energy status to control a wide range of metabolic processes, including mRNA biogenesis; protein, nucleotide, and lipid synthesis; and autophagy. Deregulation of the mTORC1 pathway is found in cancer as well as genetic disorders such(More)
Selective inhibitors of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) are regarded as valuable and powerful agents with therapeutic potential for the treatment of chronic neurodegenerative pathologies and human melanoma. Here, we describe a novel hybrid strategy that combines the pharmacokinetically promising thiophene-2-carboximidamide fragment and structural(More)