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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) frequently produces metastases to the musculoskeletal system that are a major source of morbidity in the form of pain, immobilization, fractures, neurological compromise, and a decreased ability to perform activities of daily living. Patients with metastatic RCC therefore have a dismal prognosis because there is no effective(More)
PURPOSE Bone is a common site for breast cancer metastasis. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and PDGF receptors (PDGFR) are involved in the regulation of bone resorption. This study examined the effects of STI571 (imatinib mesylate), which inhibits PDGFR tyrosine kinase signaling, on the growth of human breast cancer cells in the bone of nude mice with(More)
In human androgen-independent prostate cancer (PCa), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) regulates angiogenesis, tumor growth, and progression. In this study, we evaluated whether the blockade of EGFR by the anti-EGFR antibody ImClone C225 (IMC-C225) inhibited tumor growth and metastasis by inhibiting angiogenesis, and whether paclitaxel enhanced the(More)
PURPOSE Interleukin (IL)-8 is an important mediator of angiogenesis, tumorigenicity, and metastasis in transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder. Nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB)/relA regulates IL-8 expression in several neoplasms. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the organ microenvironment (hypoxia, acidosis) regulates the(More)
We determined the role that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), also known as vascular permeability factor (VPF), plays in the progression of human renal cell cancer in nude mice. Low metastatic and low VEGF/VPF-expressing human renal cancer cells SN12C were transfected with the VEGF165 cDNA or plasmid alone as control. VEGF165-transfected SN12C(More)
A novel sustained release formulation of recombinant human growth hormone (SR-rhGH) was developed as a once-a-week injection formulation using sodium hyaluronate. SR-rhGH was produced in the form of solid microparticles by spray drying technology. A single administration of a prototype formulation of SR-rhGH with a ratio of hGH:HA=1:1 to cynomolgus monkeys(More)
Purpose. Aiming at once-a-week injection, a novel sustained release formulation of recombinant human growth hormone (SR-hGH) using sodium hyaluronate was developed for the treatment of children who have growth failure due to the lack of adequate secretion of endogenous growth hormone. Methods. SR-hGH was produced in the form of solid microparticle using a(More)
Main problem: Although the gonadotropins and testosterone are required for normal spermatogenesis, it is believed that local control factors regulate spermatogenesis. For many years these regulatory factors had not been identified. Over the past five years, a number of growth factors have been identified in testis or isolated testicular cell types or(More)
Acute postoperative and acute, late hematogenous prosthetic joint infections have been treated with 1-stage irrigation and debridement with polyethylene exchange. Success rates, however, are highly variable. Reported studies demonstrate that detergents are effective at decreasing bacterial colony counts on orthopedic implants. Our hypothesis is that the(More)
Once prostate cancer metastasizes to bone, conventional chemotherapy is largely ineffective. We hypothesized that inhibition of phosphorylation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGF-R) and platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGF-R) expressed on tumor cells and tumor-associated endothelial cells, which is associated with tumor progression, in(More)