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This study was undertaken to determine if apolipoprotein (apo) E-containing lipoproteins and their receptors could provide a system for lipid transport and cholesterol homeostasis in the brain, as they do in other tissues. To accomplish this goal, the lipoproteins in human and canine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were characterized, and rat brain and monkey(More)
We have previously demonstrated that astrocytes synthesize and secrete apolipoprotein E in situ. In the present work, primary cultures of rat brain astrocytes were used to study apolipoprotein E synthesis, secretion, and metabolism in vitro. The astrocytes in culture contained immunoreactive apolipoprotein E in the area of the Golgi apparatus. Incubation of(More)
The phenylpropanoid pathway plays important roles in plants following exposure to environmental stresses, such as wounding and pathogen attack, which lead to the production of a variety of compounds, including lignin, flavonoids and phytoalexins. Ferulate 5-hydroxylase (F5H) is a cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase that catalyses the hydroxylation of(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic amyloidosis complicated by heart failure is associated with high cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Heart transplantation for patients with systemic amyloidosis is controversial due to recurrence of disease in the transplanted organ or progression of disease in other organs. METHODS All patients with systemic amyloidosis and heart(More)
The expression of CSDC9 encoding S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) is developmentally and spatially regulated in carnation. To examine the regulation of the SAMDC gene, we analyzed the spatial expression of CSDC9 with a 5'-flanking beta-glucuronidase fusion in transgenic tobacco plants. GUS was strongly expressed in flower, pollen, stem and vein of(More)
The inward rolling of the petals is one of typical symptoms observed in the process of climacteric corolla senescence. Inrolling was mimicked by treating the lower part of the petal instead of the whole petal of cut carnations (cv. Shinkibo) with exogenous ethylene. In these petal segments, the climacteric ethylene burst occurred right at the inrolling(More)
The regulation of ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) expression was studied in suspension-cultured tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.) BY2 cells. ODC activity increased rapidly 3 h after cells re-entered the cell cycle from the stationary phase, corresponding to the G1 phase, and continued to increase in the subsequent S phase, while the ODC transcript level(More)
The Mustard procedure is a palliative surgical procedure used to repair complete transposition of the great arteries. Cardiac transplantation remains the only definitive therapy for patients who develop heart failure after a Mustard procedure. However, pulmonary hypertension represents a major hemodynamic contraindication. The use of a ventricular assist(More)
It was investigated that active oxygen species (AOS) involved in the plant defense responses induced by fungal elicitor xylanase. When xylanase from the fungusTrichoderma viridae was treated to tobacco suspension cultured cells as an elicitor, β-glucanase activity was increased markedly. Lignin biosynthesis was also increased and peaked at 72 h after the(More)
We have partially purified S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (EC, SAMDC) from carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) petals and generated polyclonal antibodies against CSDC 16 protein (Leeet al., 1996) overexpressed inE. coli. The protein has been purified approximately 126.8 fold through the steps involving ammonium sulfate fractionation,(More)