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To identify biomarker candidates associated with early IgA nephropathy (IgAN) and thin basement membrane nephropathy (TBMN), the most common causes presenting isolated hematuria in childhood, a proteomic approach of urinary exosomes from early IgAN and TBMN patients was introduced. The proteomic results from the patients were compared with a normal group to(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of death in patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent studies have suggested that novel risk factors, uremia- or dialysis-related, are of great importance, as they act synergistically with the highly prevalent traditional risk factors for CVD in CKD patients. Whereas an ideal single(More)
BACKGROUND The association between peritoneal solute transport rates (PSTRs) and inflammatory markers in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) is still under investigation. We aimed to elucidate their relationship during the first year on PD. METHODS We performed a prospective observational study with 187 incident PD patients who were treated with either(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of dialysis modality on survival is still somewhat controversial. Given possible differences in patients' characteristics and the cause and rate of death in different countries, the issue needs to be evaluated in Korean cohorts. METHODS A nationwide prospective observational cohort study (NCT00931970) was performed to compare(More)
BACKGROUND The body metabolism of patients with end-stage renal disease may be altered in response to long-term dialysis treatment. Moreover, the pattern of serum metabolites could change depending on the type of dialysis modality used. However, dialysis modality-dependent changes in serum metabolites are poorly understood. Our aim was to profile(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) is a pro-sclerotic growth factor implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy. betaig-h3 is an extracellular matrix protein which is induced in many cells by TGF-beta. This study examined urinary betaig-h3 excretion in diabetic patients with elevated urinary albumin excretion and the clinical application(More)
The presence of glucose degradation products (GDPs) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluids has many adverse effects, namely clinically significant abdominal pain or discomfort during infusion, inhibition of cell proliferation, impairment of inflammatory cell function, cytotoxicity, and the induction of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In a(More)
Changes in the serotonergic nervous system after the intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of ethylcholine aziridinium (AF64A, 3 nmol/each ventricle) were studied in rats. Two weeks after the infusion of AF64A, the levels of 5-HT and 5-HIAA in microdialysed cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the levels of total 5-HT and 5-HIAA, the density of serotonin(More)
Over time, peritoneal dialysis results in functional and structural alterations of the peritoneal membrane, but the underlying mechanisms and whether these changes are reversible are not completely understood. Here, we studied the effects of high levels of glucose, which are found in the dialysate, on human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs). We found(More)
The prophylactic efficacy of a combinational patch system containing physostigmine and procyclidine against soman intoxication was evaluated using dogs. Female beagle dogs (body weights 9-10 kg) were shaved on the abdominal side, attached with a matrix-type patch (7x7 cm) containing 1.5% of physostigmine plus 6% procyclidine for 2 days, and challenged with(More)