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The concept of reprogramming of somatic cells has opened a new era in regenerative medicine. Transduction of defined factors has successfully achieved pluripotency. However, during the generation process of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, genetic manipulation of certain factors may cause tumorigenicity, which limits further application. We report that(More)
Previous studies have suggested that Mcl-1, an antiapoptotic Bcl-2 homolog that does not exhibit appreciable affinity for the caspase 8-generated C-terminal Bid fragment (tBid), diminishes sensitivity to tumor necrosis factor-alpha-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). This study was performed to determine the mechanism by which Mcl-1 confers TRAIL(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of unilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the right nucleus accumbens in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Predominantly bilateral stimulation of the anterior limb of the internal capsule was utilized. METHODS The study was designed as a double-blind sham-controlled crossover study. Patients(More)
Previous studies have suggested that the BH3 domain of the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member Noxa only interacts with the anti-apoptotic proteins Mcl-1 and A1 but not Bcl-2. In view of the similarity of the BH3 binding domains of these anti-apoptotic proteins as well as recent evidence that studies of isolated BH3 domains can potentially underestimate the(More)
Previous studies have suggested that there are two signaling pathways leading from ligation of the Fas receptor to induction of apoptosis. Type I signaling involves Fas ligand-induced recruitment of large amounts of FADD (FAS-associated death domain protein) and procaspase 8, leading to direct activation of caspase 3, whereas type II signaling involves(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the frequency of osteoporosis and bone mineral density (BMD) below the expected range for age between female patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy subjects and to determine risk factors for bone loss in female patients with RA. METHOD Two hundred and ninety-nine patients with RA and 246 age-matched healthy subjects were(More)
Russian has two different means of combining two noun phrases to form a plural noun phrase : the coordinate construction, using the conjunction i 'and' and the comitative phrase, using the preposition s/so 'with'. This paper establishes the distinction between three types of comitative phrases: adjunction, s-coordination and plural pronoun comple-mentation.(More)
Chronic consumption of alcohol represents one of the greatest health and socioeconomic problems worldwide. We report on a 54-year-old patient with a severe anxiety disorder and secondary depressive disorder in whom bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the nucleus accumbens was carried out. Despite the absence of desired improvement in his primary(More)
The regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) during endochondral bone formation is not fully understood. Here, we investigated the cross-talk between HIF-1α and Runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) in the growth plate. Runx2 caused the accumulation of HIF-1α protein in ATDC5 chondrocytes and HEK293 cells under normoxic conditions. Runx2(More)