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OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of unilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the right nucleus accumbens in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Predominantly bilateral stimulation of the anterior limb of the internal capsule was utilized. METHODS The study was designed as a double-blind sham-controlled crossover study. Patients(More)
Russian has two different means of combining two noun phrases to form a plural noun phrase : the coordinate construction, using the conjunction i 'and' and the comitative phrase, using the preposition s/so 'with'. This paper establishes the distinction between three types of comitative phrases: adjunction, s-coordination and plural pronoun comple-mentation.(More)
Chronic consumption of alcohol represents one of the greatest health and socioeconomic problems worldwide. We report on a 54-year-old patient with a severe anxiety disorder and secondary depressive disorder in whom bilateral deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the nucleus accumbens was carried out. Despite the absence of desired improvement in his primary(More)
A continuing challenge for studies in the neurobiology of drug abuse is to identify and characterize long-lived neuroadaptations that can trigger craving and relapse. We previously reported that rats that had actively self-administered methamphetamine for 5 weeks and were then withdrawn from methamphetamine for 24 h showed marked decreases in(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the expressions of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2, TLR4, TLR9, and their correlations with the expression of cytokines that are associated with activation of CD4(+) T cells and inflammation including interferon gamma (IFNgamma), interleukin 4 (IL4), interleukin 17 (IL17), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in(More)
AIMS Aim was to elucidate the specific role of pattern recognition receptors in vascular dysfunction during polymicrobial sepsis (colon ascendens stent peritonitis, CASP). METHODS AND RESULTS Vascular contractility of C57BL/6 (wildtype) mice and mice deficient for Toll-like receptor 2/4/9 (TLR2-D, TLR4-D, TLR9-D) or CD14 (CD14-D) was measured 18 h(More)
Bcl-2 is phosphorylated on Ser(70) after treatment of cells with spindle poisons. On the basis of effects observed in cells overexpressing Bcl-2 S70E or S70A mutants, various studies have concluded that Ser(70) phosphorylation either enhances or diminishes Bcl-2 function. In the present study, the ability of phosphorylated Bcl-2, as well as the S70E and(More)
We aim to sufficiently define annotation for post-positional particle errors in L2 Korean writing, so that future work on automatic particle error detection can make progress. To achieve this goal, we outline the linguistic properties of Korean particles in learner data. Given the agglutinative nature of Korean and the range of functions of particles, this(More)