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The imbalance between three-repeat (3R) and four-repeat (4R) tau isoforms produced by the alternative splicing of tau exon 10 leads to neuronal instability and eventual neurodegeneration in tauopathy. However, the role of altered 3R/4R tau ratio in Alzheimer's disease (AD) remains controversial. It has been shown that the expression of 3R tau is modulated(More)
PURPOSE To examine whether the distribution of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) recorded from foramen ovale electrodes (FOEs) correlates with metabolite levels in medial structures of the temporal lobes in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS We studied 34 patients with MTLE. The lateralization ratio of IEDs was calculated(More)
The cytoplasmic tail of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) contains two putatively cytotoxic peptides, Jcasp and C31, derived by caspase cleavage of APP. Jcasp is a fragment starting from the epsilon-secretase site to position 664, while C31 is a fragment from position 665 to the C-terminus. Our studies now showed that compared to C31, Jcasp appeared to(More)
The failure of large-scale drug trials targeting the amyloidogenic pathway in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is increasing the need to identify a novel pathogenic mechanism. Studies finding a relationship between sporadic AD and type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are now receiving more attention. The risk for developing both T2DM and sporadic AD increases(More)
Aging increases the co-incidence of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM). However, the critical factors that contribute to the age-related increase in AD-T2DM comorbidity have yet to be clarified. In this study, aging effects and their relationship to AD-related pathology and T2DM as well as the underlying mechanisms of this process were(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebellar lesions revealed by abnormal signals on magnetic resonance images are extremely rare in acquired hepatocerebral degeneration (AHCD). OBJECTIVE To report a case of AHCD with prominent cerebellar findings both clinically and radiologically. DESIGN AND SETTING Case report and tertiary-care hospital. PATIENT A 46-year-old man(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) can provide vital informative about pathological processes occurring in the brain. In particular, the CSF concentrations of Aβ42, tTau, and pTau181 are useful for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, many studies have demonstrated that confounding factors related to the preanalytical processing of CSF can(More)
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) is associated with severe neuronal death and reactive gliosis in hippocampus. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these pathological changes remain unanswered. ERK has been reported chronically activated in reactive glia of human epileptic hippocampus. In the present study, we investigated which of the(More)
In this study, we investigated the role of Ca(2+) in curcumin-induced paraptosis, a cell death mode that is accompanied by dilation of mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Curcumin induced mitochondrial Ca(2+) overload selectively in the malignant breast cancer cells, but not in the normal breast cell, contributing to the dilation of(More)