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The present study compared the developmental ability and gene expression pattern at 4-cell, 8-cell, morula, and blastocyst stages of porcine nuclear transfer (NT) embryos from fetal fibroblasts (FFs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), in vitro fertilized (IVF), and in vivo derived embryos. MSC-NT embryos showed enhanced blastocyst formation, higher total(More)
Boar semen is extremely vulnerable to cold shock and sensitive to peroxidative damage due to high content of unsaturated fatty acids in the phospholipids of the plasma membrane and the relatively low antioxidant capacity of seminal plasma. The present study evaluated the influence of alpha-tocopherol supplementation at various concentrations in the boar(More)
The present study evaluated the alkaline phosphatase activity, cell cycle stage, expression of markers and early transcriptional factors, and in vitro differentiation into selected cell lineages of porcine stem/stromal cells (SCs) isolated from skin (SSCs), adipose, and ovarian (OSCs) tissues. Skin and adipose SCs were isolated from a 6-month-old miniature(More)
Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), a commonly used cryoprotectant in cryopreservation procedures, is detrimental to viability of cells. In this view point, a comparative study was carried out to evaluate the effect of DMSO on porcine mesenchymal stem cells (pMSCs). We compared the viability, colony forming unit-fibroblast (CFU-F) assay, expression of Bak and Bcl2(More)
In-vivo-matured oocytes were collected from naturally ovulated and superovulated [pregnant mare's serum gonadotrophin (PMSG) + human chorionic gonadotrophin (HCG)] mice. Immature oocytes were retrieved from naturally cycling mice and from mice primed with PMSG. The percentages of cleavage and blastocyst formation were significantly different (P < 0.05)(More)
Bovine oocyte activation is one of the essential elements that determine the success of nuclear transfer and the subsequent development of cloned embryos. Three methods for oocyte activation, including 5 microM ionomycin (5 min, Group 1) alone, ionomycin+1.9 mM 6-dimethylaminopurine (DMAP, 3h, Group 2), and ionomycin+10 microg/ml cycloheximide (CHX, 3h,(More)
This study compared the effects of activation treatments on the development and ploidy of nuclear transferred (NT) pig embryos. After in vitro maturation of oocytes collected from the slaughterhouse, oocytes were enucleated and reconstructed by transfer of donor cells and fusion with three DC pulses (1.4 kV/cm, 20 musec). Oocytes were pulsed thrice(More)
The production of transgenic (TG) animals by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has proven to be a more efficient method than other methods, such as gene injection or sperm mediation. The present study was intended to evaluate the efficiency of gene transfection by Effectene (Qiagen, Inc.), a lipid-based reagent compared to electroporation in(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer a great promise for regenerative medicine. Present study compared the characterization of porcine MSCs (pMSCs) derived from bone marrow extract with adult ear and fetal skin-derived cells on morphology, cell growth, alkaline phosphatase activity, proliferation ability, expression of cluster of differentiation (CD) markers(More)
We have characterized and compared the telomere length, telomerase, reverse transcriptase (RT) activity and expression of genes implicated in cancer and in pluripotency, in human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from dental papilla tissue, umbilical cord matrix and adipose tissue and in cancer cells (MDA-MB-231, U-87 MG, and MCF-7). MRC-5 fetal(More)