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Total joint arthroplasty (TJA) patients are at increased risk of post-operative delirium (POD) given their demographics and functional impairment. Certain pharmacologic agents are known to cause delirium, but those that cause delirium following TJA are unknown. Our aim was to explore if specific anesthetic agents, opiate pain medications, or benzodiazepines(More)
Herein, we describe a simple, effective strategy for diagnosing and treating intraoperative popliteus tendon impingement during total knee arthroplasty (TKA). When lateral impingement is detected intraoperatively during TKA, manual isolation of the popliteus tendon can help determine the cause. Using this technique, the etiology of intraoperative lateral(More)
The in vitro culture of human trabecular bone-derived cells has served as a useful system for the investigation of the biology of osteoblasts. The recent discovery in our laboratory of the multilineage mesenchymal differentiation potential of cells derived from collagenase-treated human trabecular bone fragments has prompted further interest in view of the(More)
The multilineage differentiation potential of adult tissue-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs), such as those from bone marrow and trabecular bone, makes them a useful model to investigate mechanisms regulating tissue development and regeneration, such as cartilage. Treatment with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily members is a(More)
A desirable strategy for articular cartilage repair is to surgically replace the damaged area with an in vitro-engineered osteochondral plug. We report here the development of a novel osteochondral construct using human trabecular bone-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells and a biodegradable poly-D,L-lactic acid scaffold. The cartilage layer was fabricated(More)
Dual-modular femoral stems with exchangeable necks theoretically allow optimization of hip joint biomechanics via selective restoration of femoral anteversion, offset, and limb length. A potential disadvantage is the possible generation of metal ions and debris by fretting and crevice corrosion at the additional stem-neck interface. We present 2 cases of(More)
The elbow is as prone to stiffness as it is essential for upper-extremity function. The elbow is a highly constrained synovial hinge joint that frequently becomes stiff after injury. Elbow contracture is challenging to treat, and therefore prevention is of paramount importance. When this approach fails, nonoperative followed by operative treatment(More)
BACKGROUND Hip and knee arthroplasties are widely performed and vascular disease among patients having these procedures is common. Clopidogrel is a platelet inhibitor that decreases the likelihood of thrombosis. It may cause intraoperative and postoperative bleeding, but its discontinuation increases the risk of vascular events. There is currently no(More)
Neurovascular injury during total hip arthroplasty (THA) may result in considerable morbidity or mortality. The most common cause of intraoperative neurovascular injury during THA is retractor compression. Our aims were to: 1) determine proximity of common acetabular retractor positions during THA to adjacent neurovascular structures; and 2) determine(More)