Summer G Frank

Learn More
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a common systemic autoimmune disease with complex etiology but strong clustering in families (lambda(S) = approximately 30). We performed a genome-wide association scan using 317,501 SNPs in 720 women of European ancestry with SLE and in 2,337 controls, and we genotyped consistently associated SNPs in two additional(More)
Increased expression of interferon (IFN)-inducible genes is implicated in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). One transcription factor responsible for regulating IFN, interferon regulatory factor-5 (IRF5), has been associated with SLE in genetic studies of Asian, Caucasian and Hispanic populations. We genotyped up to seven polymorphic(More)
OBJECTIVE The R620W (1858C-->T) polymorphism in PTPN22 has been implicated in type 1 diabetes mellitus, rheumatoid arthritis, Graves' disease, Hashimoto thyroiditis, autoimmune thyroid disease, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The aim of this study was to evaluate this polymorphism in patients with familial SLE and in those with sporadic SLE. (More)
The pentraxin C-reactive protein (CRP), an innate immune system opsonin which binds nuclear debris and apoptotic bodies, may protect against autoimmunity. A relative deficiency of CRP levels in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) might contribute to altered handling of self-antigens. We report that the proximal 5' promoter region of CRP(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock proteins (Hsps) play a role in the delivery and presentation of antigenic peptides and are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of multifactorial diseases. OBJECTIVE To investigate genes encoding cytosolic Hsp70 proteins for associations of allelic variants with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS Case-control studies(More)
BACKGROUND Incidence of thrombosis after initial stage 1 single-ventricle palliation is high. Most centers use aspirin as an antiplatelet agent to prevent thrombosis in surgically placed shunts. We hypothesize there is a significant incidence of aspirin resistance in infants after stage 1 palliation and this resistance can be overcome by an increased(More)
We detected a novel susceptibility gene, SLER1, for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at 5p15.3.(1) This finding was based on a selected subgroup of SLE families, where two or more family members have had alleged rheumatoid arthritis (SLE-RA). The main objective of this study was to replicate the linkage at 5p15.3 based on an independent data set of 88(More)
BACKGROUND Cannulation of arch arteries (innominate, axillary or carotid) for arterial return during cardiopulmonary bypass is increasingly being used; however, the flow and pressure profile in the cannulated arteries remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the flow and pressure characteristics of arterial inflow through a carotid artery,(More)
INTRODUCTION Electronic cigarettes' (e-cigarettes) viability as a public health strategy to end smoking will likely be determined by their ability to mimic the pharmacokinetic profile of a cigarette while also exposing users to significantly lower levels of harmful/potentially harmful constituents (HPHCs). The present study examined the nicotine delivery(More)