Sumiyo Kudoh

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The angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor has a crucial role in load-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Here we show that the AT1 receptor can be activated by mechanical stress through an angiotensin-II-independent mechanism. Without the involvement of angiotensin II, mechanical stress not only activates extracellular-signal-regulated kinases and increases(More)
The cardiac homeobox transcription factor CSX/NKX2-5 plays an important role in vertebrate heart development. Using a yeast two-hybrid screening, we identified a novel LIM domain-containing protein, named CSX-associated LIM protein (Cal), that interacts with CSX/NKX2-5. CSX/NKX2-5 and Cal associate with each other both in vivo and in vitro, and the LIM(More)
Mechanical stress activates various hypertrophic responses, including activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in cardiac myocytes. Stretch activated extracellular signal-regulated kinases partly through secreted humoral growth factors, including angiotensin II, whereas stretch-induced activation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinases and p38 MAPK(More)
We previously demonstrated that bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce cardiomyocyte differentiation through the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase TAK1. Transcription factors Smads mediate transforming growth factor-beta signaling and the ATF/CREB family transcription factor ATF-2 has recently been shown to act as a common target of the Smad(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces hypertrophy of cardiac myocytes and hyperplasia of cardiac fibroblasts. To determine the molecular mechanism by which Ang II displayed different effects on cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts, we examined signal transduction pathways leading to activation of extracellular signal–regulated kinases (ERKs). Ang II–induced ERK(More)
Cardiac hypertrophy is formed in response to hemodynamic overload. Although a variety of factors such as catecholamines, angiotensin II (AngII), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) have been reported to induce cardiac hypertrophy, little is known regarding the factors that inhibit the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Production of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is(More)
Growth hormone (GH) has been reported to be useful to treat heart failure. To elucidate whether GH has direct beneficial effects on the heart, we examined effects of GH on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in cardiac myocytes. TUNEL staining and DNA ladder analysis revealed that hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes was significantly(More)
Many studies have indicated that oxidative stress induces apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, but its mechanism remains unknown. We examined whether tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is involved in oxidative stress-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis. Pretreatment with anti-TNF-alpha antibody significantly decreased the number of H(2)O(2)-induced TUNEL-positive(More)
In cardiomyocytes, mechanical stress induces a variety of hypertrophic responses including an increase in protein synthesis and a reprogramming of gene expression. Recently, the calcium signaling has been reported to play an important role in the development of cardiac hypertrophy. In this article, we report on the role of the calcium signaling in(More)
The Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX1) plays a key role in maintaining Ca(2+) homeostasis in cardiomyocytes. Disruption of Ncx1 gene in mice results in embryonic lethality between embryonic day 9 and 10, with the mice lacking spontaneous heartbeats. We examined the mechanism of lack of heartbeats in Ncx1-deficient mice. Ultrastructual analysis demonstrated that(More)