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Evaluating the pathogenicity of a variant is challenging given the plethora of types of genetic evidence that laboratories consider. Deciding how to weigh each type of evidence is difficult, and standards have been needed. In 2015, the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) and the Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP) published(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that plays multiple roles in regulation of immune and inflammatory responses. The ability of certain AhR ligands to induce regulatory T cells (Tregs) has generated interest in developing AhR ligands for therapeutic treatment of immune-mediated diseases. To this end, we designed a(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor and a member of the basic helix-loop-helix PER/ARNT/SIM family of chemosensors and developmental regulators. The AhR is widely known as a mediator of dioxin toxicity; however, it also suppresses cancer cell proliferation and recent findings have implicated its role as a tumor(More)
Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) activation by high-affinity ligands mediates immunosuppression in association with increased regulatory T cells (Tregs), making this transcription factor an attractive therapeutic target for autoimmune diseases. We recently discovered 10-chloro-7H-benzimidazo[2,1-a]benzo[de]iso-quinolin-7-one (10-Cl-BBQ), a nanomolar affinity(More)
alpha-Secretase cleaves the full-length Alzheimer's amyloid precursor protein (APP) within the amyloid beta peptide sequence, thus precluding amyloid formation. The resultant soluble truncated APP is constitutively secreted. This nonamyloidogenic processing of APP is increased on stimulation of the phospholipase C/protein kinase C pathway by phorbol esters.(More)
Azoreductases reduce the azo bond (N=N) in azo dyes to produce colorless amine products. Crude cell extracts from Enterococcus faecalis have been shown to utilize both NADH and NADPH as electron donors for azo dye reduction. An azoreductase was purified from E. faecalis by hydrophobic, anion exchange and affinity chromatography. The azoreductase activity of(More)
Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) by its prototypic ligand, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), induces potent suppression of an acute graft-versus-host (GVH) response and prevents GVH disease (GVHD). Suppression is associated with development of a regulatory population of donor CD4(+) CD25(+)T-cells that express high levels of(More)
Azo dyes are commonly used in many commercial industries. Some of the azo dyes can produce carcinogenic compounds after being metabolized by azoreductase. Several human intestinal microbiota possess azoreductase activity which plays an important role in the toxicity and mutagenicity of these azo dye compounds. The acpD gene product (AzoEf1) responsible for(More)
Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) by immunosuppressive ligands promotes the development of regulatory T (Treg) cells. Although AhR-induced Foxp3+ Treg cells have been well studied, much less is known about the development and fate of AhR-induced Type 1 Treg (AhR-Tr1) cells. In the current study, we identified the unique transcriptional and(More)
PURPOSE While the diagnostic success of genomic sequencing expands, the complexity of this testing should not be overlooked. Numerous laboratory processes are required to support the identification, interpretation, and reporting of clinically significant variants. This study aimed to examine the workflow and reporting procedures among US laboratories to(More)
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