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The Five-Minute Speech Sample (FMSS) is a brief measure for the assessment of expressed emotion (EE). No prior studies have investigated the validity of the FMSS in comparison to the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) in Japan. Therefore, we administered the CFI and the FMSS to schizophrenic families in an attempt to evaluate the usefulness of the FMSS. The(More)
Dorsal root ganglion neurons from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic, genetic diabetic and normal mice were cultured in serum-containing media with or without nerve growth factor (NGF). The immunocytochemical analysis carried out after 1 week in culture revealed that the ratios of neurons immunoreactive to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in(More)
BACKGROUND We examined whether expressed emotion (EE) influenced the course of schizophrenia in Japan. METHOD We conducted a cohort study. Of 73 subjects with schizophrenia meeting the diagnostic criteria of ICD-9 or DSM-III-R, 52 participated in the study. The Camberwell Family Interview was conducted to evaluate EE. The subjects had been followed up for(More)
The benefit of single-family treatment (SFT) in addition to short educational sessions (SES) consisting of multiple-family treatment was investigated. The study design was a randomized controlled study. Subjects were 30 patients suffering from schizophrenia with at least one of their family members showing high expressed emotion (EE) in the Camberwell(More)
AIMS The Cambridge Depersonalization Scale (CDS) is an instrument that has obtained reliability and validity in some countries for use in detecting depersonalization disorder under clinical conditions, but not yet in Japan under non-psychiatric conditions. The purposes of this study were to develop a Japanese version of the CDS (J-CDS) and to examine its(More)
This study investigated whether the Expressed Emotion (EE) status of families is associated with an increased risk of negative and depressive symptoms in schizophrenia. The subjects were 52 schizophrenic patients from mental hospitals in Kochi, Japan, who satisfied the DSM-III-R or ICD-9 criteria for schizophrenia. The Japanese version of the Camberwell(More)
The reliability of expressed emotion (EE) ratings by the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) and characteristics of EE were evaluated in families of patients with mood disorders in Japan. The subjects were 27 patients with mood disorders and 31 members of their families. The CFI was carried out with the family members. EE was rated by two raters(More)
Critical comments (CCs) are one of the components of expressed emotion (EE), an excess of which is related to relapse. Therefore, CCs could be a target of family psychoeducation. We examined the nature of CCs for clues to family therapy. We classified CCs expressed in the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) into nine categories: (1) positive symptoms, (2)(More)
We examined whether expressed emotion (EE) influenced the social functioning of schizophrenia. Twenty-nine subjects meeting the diagnostic criteria of ICD-9 or DSM-III-R participated in the study. The Camberwell Family Interview was conducted to evaluate EE, and subjects were divided into high EE and low EE groups. The subjects had been followed up for 9(More)
A 2-year cohort study was conducted to determine whether expressed emotion (EE) in families is associated with relapse of schizophrenia in Japan. Key relatives of 52 schizophrenic patients were interviewed using the Camberwell Family Interview (CFI) and the patients were classified into high and low EE groups. The 2-year relapse risks were 71% (17/24) in(More)