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BACKGROUND The onset of invasive aspergillosis (IA) after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is bimodal. However, IA early after HSCT has become less frequent due to the shortened neutropenic period, and the clinical significance of empirical treatment for aspergillosis based on persistent febrile neutropenia (FN) became less clear.(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic mastocytosis with associated clonal hematological non-mast cell lineage disease (SM-AHNMD) is a distinct entity that was defined by World Health Organization. Systemic mastocytosis with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is frequently seen among SM-AHNMD. However, the pathogenesis or origin of neoplastic mast cells has not been fully elucidated(More)
Differences in regulatory actions between Japan, the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) regarding the approval date and primary endpoints of pivotal trials have never been analysed comprehensively. This study aimed to examine such differences in haematological malignancy indications not only in applications for new molecular entity agents but(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a distinct subset of acute myeloid leukemia characterized by an abnormal fusion protein, PML/RARA. All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide, which are the major molecularly targeted therapies in APL, affect or degrade the PML/RARA fusion protein and cause differentiation and apoptosis of APL cells. These(More)
The Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency and the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan and the US Food and Drug Administration are responsible for reviewing applications and approving drugs, medical devices, and regenerative medicines. In the EU, the European Medicines Agency is responsible for the centralized authorization procedure of(More)