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We report the complete sequence of a large rod-shaped DNA virus, called the Hz-1 virus. This virus persistently infects the Heliothis zea cell lines. The Hz-1 virus has a double-stranded circular DNA genome of 228,089 bp encoding 154 open reading frames (ORFs) and also expresses a persistence-associated transcript 1, PAT1. The G+C content of the Hz-1 virus(More)
The nutrient concentrations and stoichiometry in a coastal bay/estuary are strongly influenced by the direct riverine discharge and the submarine groundwater discharge (SGD). To estimate the fluxes of submarine groundwater discharge into the Bamen Bay (BB) and the Wanquan River Estuary (WQ) of eastern Hainan Island, China, the naturally occurring radium(More)
Human epidermal keratinocytes may be isolated in high yield from 0.1 mm keratotome sections of adult skin by short-term trypsin release. When plated on a collagen-coated plastic surface or on a collagen gel, keratinocytes attach with high efficiencies (greater than 70%) and form confluent, stratified cultures. Cell populations of predominantly basal cells(More)
A method to isolate and to serially cultivate rabbit skin epithelial cells from adult trunk skin has been developed. Using a collagen gel as substrate and trypsin and EDTA to dissociate cells, nonproliferative primary cultures of rabbit cells may be converted to proliferative populations, and at least 3 serial passages achieved. In the presence of large(More)
Using the combined techniques of Rheinwald and Green, and Liu and Karasek, large quantities of proliferative keratinocytes from involved (PP) or uninvolved (PN) skin of psoriatic patients and from normal skin of non-psoriatic donors (NN) can be obtained. Primary cultures, initiated from a 6-mm punch biopsy, are grown on a 3T3 feeder layer seeded on a(More)
Primary well-differentiated dimethylbenzene alpha-anthracene (DMBA)-or nitrosomethylurea (NMU)-induced rat mammary adenocarcinomas that are estrogen dependent possess biologically active and immunoreactive transforming growth factor alpha (TGF alpha), which can be detected in a sort agar growth-promoting assay and by a specific liquid-phase competitive RIA,(More)
The validity of using the incorporation of [3H]thymidine into DNA as an indicator of epidermal keratinocyte proliferation in vitro has been investigated. Other parameters of cell proliferation, direct count of cell number and measurement of DNA content, consistently fail to correlate with changes in [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA in primary and first(More)
We have compared the excision-repair and growth properties of epidermal keratinocytes from humans of different ages. Keratinocytes isolated from newborn and adult abdominal skin at autopsy were cultured on collagen gels. Repair replication was assayed by the 5-bromodeoxyuridine density-labeling method following ultraviolet (UV) irradiation (254 nm) of the(More)
  • S C Liu
  • 1989
Histopathologic features of globoid dysplasia of human gastric epithelium were described by means of observation of serial paraffin sections of 53 cases of globoid dysplasia. It was divided into three grades according to the architecture and cellular atypia. Penetration of outer layer globoid dysplastic cells through the basement membrane of "double layers(More)
Human newborn foreskin keratinocytes were maintained in culture in first passage for up to 60 days. An initial lag phase was followed by a growth and a final plateau phase. During this time, cell numbers, the morphologic appearance of both attached and detached cells, DNA, and cyclic nucleotide content were evaluated. Cell cycle analysis during growth phase(More)