Sumathi Govinda Rao

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BACKGROUND Poor treatment adherence leading to risk of drug resistance, treatment failure, relapse, death and persistent infectiousness remains an impediment to the tuberculosis control programmes. The objective of the study was to identify predictors of default among new smear positive TB patients registered for treatment to suggest possible interventions(More)
Peripheral blood leucocytes from chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients previously untreated or in relapse are agglutinated by concanavalin A (Con A) at concentrations of 25-400 microgram/ml. Leucocytes from normal subjects, from CML patients in remission and from patients with granulocytosis are not agglutinated by Con A. Normal bone marrow cells which(More)
Bone marrow stroma is the physical basis of the haematopoietic microenvironment and regulates several key features of stem cell proliferation and differentiation. It plays a crucial role in maintaining haematopoietic homeostasis. Earlier studies have shown that this is achieved through interactions with the extracellular matrix and specific molecules called(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND K562 cells are growth factor independent and neither function as stem cells nor differentiate into functional end cells. They are blast cells. There is evidence that the constitutively expressed bcr-abl tyrosine kinase might be responsible for the maintenance of the blast state of CML cells. We have studied the effect of two tyrosine(More)
CML, a myeloproliferative clonal disorder of myeloid stem cells, is characterized by the consistent presence of a bcr-c-abl fusion gene which is formed as a result of a translocation of the c-abl gene from chromosome 9 to downstream of the bcr gene on chromosome 22 (ph'). Current approaches to the treatment of CML are chemotherapy (conventional or(More)
Recent findings that retinoic acid (RA) induces terminal granulocytic differentiation of the human promyelocytic leukemia cell line HL-60 in vitro and blast cell maturation in patients suffering from acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) prompted an investigation on the ability of this agent to induce terminal maturation in blast cells from ANLL patients in(More)
We propose a three-terminal spin-polarized STM setup for probing the helical nature of the Luttinger liquid edge state that appears in the quantum spin Hall system. We show that the three-terminal tunneling conductance depends on the angle (θ) between the magnetization direction of the tip and the local orientation of the electron spin on the edge while the(More)
The haematopoietic microenvironment which is provided by the stromal cells and extracellular matrix elements has been shown to influence the growth and differentiation of haematopoietic cells. However, most of the information thus far available has been derived from experiments performed using Long Term Bone Marrow Cultures and there is as yet no(More)
Haemopoiesis in mammals takes place in yolk-sac and in mouse it can be detected on the 7th day of gestation. Erythropoietin (EPO) responsive cells can be detected from 7th day onwards. However, the cells committed to the myeloid lineage which can respond to the haemopoietic growth factor (viz. granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor; GM-CSF) can be(More)