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Massive levels of integration are making modern multicore chips all pervasive in several domains. High performance, robustness, and energy-efficiency are crucial for the widespread adoption of such platforms. Networks-on-Chip (NoCs) have emerged as communication backbones to enable a high degree of integration in multicore Systems-on-Chip (SoCs). Despite(More)
The effects of changing climate on ectomycorrhizal (EcM) fine roots were studied in northern Sweden by manipulating soil temperature for 14 years and/or by fertilizing for 22 years. Fine root biomass, necromass, EcM root tip biomass, morphology and number as well as mycelia production were determined from soil cores and mesh bags. The fine root biomass and(More)
A Ku-, K-, and Ka-band phase shifter for beamforming applications is presented in this paper. An analysis showing the effect of loading conditions on quadrature phase accuracy in a simple poly-phase filter is carried out. Based on the analysis, a novel quadrature phase shifter (QPS) with inductive load is proposed. Sign-selection and vector addition is(More)
A low phase error X-band eight-channel SiGe PIN diode phased array receiver for 9.5-11.5 GHz application has been proposed and fabricated in a commercial 0.18-μm SiGe BiCMOS process. High performance PIN diode switches used in phase shifters ensure low phase error for all phase states. The 9.5-11.5 GHz receiver, which consists of LNAs, VGAs, PIN(More)
This paper illustrates the feasibility of designing a power-efficient millimeter-wave (mm-wave) transceiver for on-chip wireless communication networks. The performance of the on-chip wireless interconnect using mm-wave transceiver was evaluated through both theoretical analysis as well as system-level simulations in Simulink. To reduce the bit error rate(More)
This paper presents a high-efficiency 60-GHz on-off keying (OOK) transmitter (TX) designed for wireless network-on-chip applications. Aiming at an intra-chip communication distance of 20 mm, the TX consists of a drive amplifier (DA), a high-speed OOK modulator, and a transformer-coupled voltage-controlled oscillator. For high efficiency, a common-source(More)
The main objectives of this study were to determine how the carbon age of fine root cellulose varies between stands, tree species, root diameter and soil depth. In addition, we also compared the carbon age of fine roots from soil cores of this study with reported values from the roots of the same diameter classes of ingrowth cores on the same sites. We used(More)
This paper presents an 8<sup>th</sup> sub-harmonic injection locked V-band oscillator for low power LO routing in mm-wave beamformers. The VCO uses an inductively cross-coupled transformer for transconductance boosting. Injection is carried out through a customized three inductor transformer connected to achieve twice the coupling strength between any two(More)
Design techniques for a load-independent low-power low-phase-noise CMOS LC direct bulk-coupled quadrature voltage-controlled oscillator (DBC-QVCO) is presented in this paper. A capacitor tapping technique is used to lower the phase noise and achieve load-independent frequency of oscillation. Class-C operation is used to further reduce the phase noise and(More)