Suman Kumar Dhar

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In all eukaryotic organisms, inappropriate firing of replication origins during the G2 phase of the cell cycle is suppressed by cyclin-dependent kinases. Multicellular eukaryotes contain a second putative inhibitor of re-replication called geminin. Geminin is believed to block binding of the mini-chromosome maintenance (MCM) complex to origins of(More)
Current models suggest that the replication initiation factor Mcm10 is required for association of Mcm2-7 with origins of replication to generate the prereplicative complex (pre-RC). Here we report that Xenopus Mcm10 (XMcm10) is not required for origin binding of XMcm2-7. Instead, the chromatin binding of XMcm10 at the onset of DNA replication requires(More)
A hypomorphic mutation made in the ORC2 gene of a human cancer cell line through homologous recombination decreased Orc2 protein levels by 90%. The G1 phase of the cell cycle was prolonged, but there was no effect on the utilization of either the c-Myc or beta-globin cellular origins of replication. Cells carrying this mutation failed to support the(More)
The MCM2-7 helicase complex is loaded on DNA replication origins during the G1 phase of the cell cycle to license the origins for replication in S phase. How the initiator primase-polymerase complex, DNA polymerase alpha (pol alpha), is brought to the origins is still unclear. We show that And-1/Ctf4 (Chromosome transmission fidelity 4) interacts with(More)
All the human homologs of the six subunits of Saccharomyces cerevisiae origin recognition complex have been reported so far. However, not much has been reported on the nature and the characteristics of the human origin recognition complex. In an attempt to purify recombinant human ORC from insect cells infected with baculoviruses expressing HsORC subunits,(More)
A new protein was cloned and identified as the sixth member of the human origin recognition complex (ORC). The newly identified 30-kDa protein hsORC6 is 28% identical and 49% similar to ORC6p from Drosophila melanogaster, which is consistent with the identities and similarities found among the other ORC members reported in the two species. The human ORC6(More)
DNA gyrase, a typical type II topoisomerase that can introduce negative supercoils in DNA, is essential for replication and transcription in prokaryotes. The apicomplexan parasite Plasmodium falciparum contains the genes for both gyrase A and gyrase B in its genome. Due to the large sizes of both proteins and the unusual codon usage of the highly AT-rich P.(More)
We have sequenced the extrachromsomal ribosomal DNA (rDNA) circle of the human protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica HM-1:IMSS and present here the complete sequence organisation of the 24.5-kb molecule. Each circle contains two 5.9-kb rDNA transcription units organised as inverted repeats. The regions downstream (3543 bp) and upstream (9216 bp) of the(More)
Eukaryotic Rvb1p and Rvb2p are two highly conserved proteins related to the helicase subset of the AAA+ family of ATPases. Conditional mutants in both genes show rapid changes in the transcription of over 5% of yeast genes, with a similar number of genes being repressed and activated. Both Rvb1p and Rvb2p are required for maintaining the induced state of(More)
Geminin is a cellular protein that associates with Cdt1 and inhibits Mcm2-7 loading during S phase. It prevents multiple cycles of replication per cell cycle and prevents episome replication. It also directly inhibits the HoxA11 transcription factor. Here we report that geminin forms a parallel coiled-coil homodimer with atypical residues in the dimer(More)