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The opioidergic hypothesis suggests an association between genetic variations at the opioid receptor mu 1 (OPRM1) gene locus and opiate addiction. The OPRM1 gene, which encodes for mu opioid receptor, contains several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in exon I. Two of these, C17T and A118G, have been reported to be associated with substance abuse. The(More)
A facile one-pot expeditious synthesis of 2-amino-4H-pyrans and 2-amino-5-oxo-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-4H-chromenes has been described under solvent-free conditions using magnesium oxide as a catalyst in very good yields. The reaction catalyst, magnesium oxide was reused and recycled without any loss of activity and product yield. All the synthesized compounds(More)
GOALS To study the role of probiotics on gut permeability and endotoxemia in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP). BACKGROUND Bacterial translocation has been implicated in infective complications in AP, which has been shown to be prevented by probiotics. STUDY A double-blind, randomized placebo-controlled trial was conducted. Consecutive patients with(More)
This study aims to evaluate the intestinal mucosal permeability in patients with acute pancreatitis. The lactulose:mannitol (L:M) ratio was used to assess permeability. It is an inexpensive and quite reliable method. The intestinal permeability was increased in patients with acute pancreatitis compared with the controls. In addition, patients with severe(More)
CONTEXT Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are amongst the most common infections described in outpatient settings. Increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of urinary tract pathogens is a matter of global public health concern. Treatment of UTI depends on both prevalence and antimicrobial resistance (AMR) of causative bacteria at any specific geographical(More)
Functional polymorphism in the genes encoding alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) 1B and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) 2 are considered most important among several genetic determinants of alcohol dependence, a complex disorder. There is no report on the widely studied Arg47His and Glu487Lys polymorphisms from Indian alcoholdependent populations. In this paper, we(More)
BACKGROUND Intestinal permeability increases early in the course of acute pancreatitis and is associated with sepsis and organ failure. AIM To evaluate the intestinal permeability (IP) and anti-endotoxin antibodies immunoglobulin G and A (AEA IgG and A) in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) as compared to healthy controls and determine their significance in(More)
Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP) are retinal degenerative diseases which cause severe retinal dystrophy affecting the photoreceptors. LCA is predominantly inherited as an autosomal recessive trait and contributes to 5% of all retinal dystrophies; whereas RP is inherited by all the Mendelian pattern of inheritance and both are(More)
CONTEXT In India, vaidyas (Ayurvedic physicians) traditionally administer triphala and its constituents as therapeutic agents for promoting digestion and satiety. OBJECTIVE The research team performed the present study to investigate the effects of triphala and its constituents (T bellirica [bibhitaki], T chebula [haritaki], and E officinalis [amalaki])(More)
Opiates are known to induce immunosuppression in their users (addicts). Evidences supporting their role in suppressing a variety of immunological end points in addicts have been reported by several investigators. In the present study, we investigated the changes in serum immunoglobulin (Ig) levels and their correlation with Mu opiate receptor (MOR)(More)