Sultan Uddin Ahmed

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BACKGROUND Arsenic (As) exposure during pregnancy induces oxidative stress and increases the risk of fetal loss and low birth weight. OBJECTIVES In this study we aimed to elucidate the effects of As exposure on immune markers in the placenta and cord blood, and the involvement of oxidative stress. METHODS Pregnant women were enrolled around gestational(More)
Dietary cadmium exposure was recently found to alter DNA methylation in adults, but data on effects early in life are lacking. Our objective was to evaluate associations between prenatal cadmium exposure, DNA methylation and birth weight. In total 127 mother-child pairs from rural Bangladesh were studied. For comparison, we included 56 children at 4.5 y.(More)
BACKGROUND Cathelicidins and defensins are endogenous antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that are downregulated in the mucosal epithelia of the large intestine in shigellosis. Oral treatment of Shigella infected rabbits with sodium butyrate (NaB) reduces clinical severity and counteracts the downregulation of cathelicidin (CAP-18) in the large intestinal(More)
Early-life inorganic arsenic exposure influences not only child health and development but also health in later life. The adverse effects of arsenic may be mediated by epigenetic mechanisms, as there are indications that arsenic causes altered DNA methylation of cancer-related genes. The objective was to assess effects of arsenic on genome-wide DNA(More)
Arsenic is a very potent toxicant. One major susceptibility factor for arsenic-related toxicity is the efficiency of arsenic metabolism. The efficiency, in turn, is associated with non-coding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the arsenic methyltransferase AS3MT on chromosome 10q24. However, the mechanism of action for these SNPs is not yet(More)
Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) through elevated concentrations in drinking water is a major environmental health hazard throughout the world, particularly in Bangladesh and India, resulting in increased risk of cancer and numerous noncancer effects (International Agency for Research on Cancer 2004). iAs is readily transferred to the fetus(More)
This paper presents a pruning method for artificial neural networks (ANNs) based on the 'Lempel-Ziv complexity' (LZC) measure. We call this method the 'silent pruning algorithm' (SPA). The term 'silent' is used in the sense that SPA prunes ANNs without causing much disturbance during the network training. SPA prunes hidden units during the training process(More)
BACKGROUND Exposure to inorganic arsenic (As) through drinking water during pregnancy is associated with lower birth size and child growth. The aim of the study was to assess the effects of As exposure on child growth parameters to evaluate causal associations. METHODOLOGY/FINDINGS Children born in a longitudinal mother-child cohort in rural Bangladesh(More)