Sultan S. M. Habeebu

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Identification and characterization of the pregnane X receptor (PXR) as a key regulator of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) gene expression has led to an increased understanding of the molecular basis of many drug-drug interactions. Mice lacking PXR (PXR-KO) were used in the present study to delineate the role of PXR in regulating hepatomegaly and regulating the(More)
Apoptosis is a process of active cell death, distinct from necrosis and characterized by specific morphological and biochemical features. Although the acute hepatotoxic effects of cadmium (Cd) are well described, little is known about the occurrence of apoptosis in Cd toxicity. Therefore, mice were injected with 5-60 mumol/kg i.p. of Cd and their livers(More)
cis-Diamminedichloroplatinum (cisplatin) is an important anticancer drug used to treat solid tumors. The nephrotoxicity of cisplatin is recognized as the most important dose-limiting factor, but high doses of cisplatin also produce hepatotoxicity. However, little is known about cisplatin-induced liver injury and the role of metallothionein, a cysteine-rich,(More)
Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP), used widely in the manufacture of plastics, is a well-known reproductive toxicant. It causes apoptosis and loss of spermatogenic cells, resulting in testicular atrophy. Reports are scarce in the literature on the progression of apoptosis following repeated doses of phthalates. DEHP's mechanism of inducing testicular(More)
Kidney is the main target organ of Cd toxicity in humans. Cd-induced nephrotoxicity is thought to be caused by the Cd-metallothionein complex (CdMT) that "leaks" out of the liver and is taken up by the kidney. A single injection of CdMT has therefore been used as a model to study Cd nephropathy for the last 20 years. However, our recent studies reveal(More)
Liver is a major target organ of cadmium (Cd) toxicity following acute and chronic exposure. Metallothionein (MT), a low-molecular-weight, cysteine-rich, metal-binding protein has been shown to play an important role in protection against acute Cd-induced liver injury. This study investigates the role of MT in liver injury induced by repeated exposure to(More)
Glutathione (GSH) is an important cellular constituent for normal liver homeostasis. Certain drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers (i.e., phenobarbital [PB] and pregnenolone-16alpha-carbonitrile [PCN]) increase biliary excretion of GSH-derived sulfhydryls (SH) as well as bile flow, whereas other drug-metabolizing enzyme inducers (i.e., 3-methylcholanthrene(More)
Oligonucleotide sequences based on the amino acid sequence of the putative testis determining gene ZFY have been used to isolate a 1.3 Kb Hind III Y genomic DNA fragment CMPXY1 and three human testis cDNA sequences (CMPXY2, CMPXY3 and CMPXY4). These sequences detect at least four potential exons on the Y (Y1, Y3, Y4 and Y5), three on the X (X1, X2 and X3)(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant and is toxic to a number of organs. Chronic exposure to Cd causes loss of bone mass and increased incidence of bone fractures, as seen in Itai-itai patients and laboratory animals. Metallothionein (MT), a low-molecular weight, cysteine-rich, metal-binding protein, has been shown to play an important role in the(More)
Cadmium (Cd) and arsenic (As) are important inorganic toxicants in the environment. Humans certainly have the potential to be exposed to the mixtures of Cd and As, but the toxicological interactions of these inorganic mixtures are poorly defined. Metallothionein (MT) is a cysteine-rich, metal-binding protein that plays an important role in Cd detoxication,(More)