Sulong Xiao

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With the aim of broadening the versatility of lentiviral vectors as a tool in nucleic acid research, we expanded the genetic code in the propagation of lentiviral vectors for site-specific incorporation of chemical moieties with unique properties. Through systematic exploration of the structure-function relationship of lentiviral VSVg envelope by(More)
Development of hepatitis C virus (HCV) entry inhibitors represents an emerging approach that satisfies a tandem mechanism for use with other inhibitors in a multifaceted cocktail. By screening Chinese herbal extracts, oleanolic acid (OA) was found to display weak potency to inhibit HCV entry with an IC50 of 10 μM. Chemical exploration of this triterpene(More)
Entry inhibitors are of particular importance in current efforts to develop a new generation of anti-influenza virus drugs. Here we report certain pentacyclic triterpenes exhibiting conserved structure features and with in vitro anti-influenza virus activity comparable to and even higher than that of oseltamivir. Mechanistic studies indicated that these(More)
In our previous studies, oleanolic acid (OA) and echinocystic acid (EA), isolated from Dipsacus asperoides, were found to have anti-HCV entry properties. The major issue for members of this type of triterpene is their low water solubility. In this study, a series of new water-soluble triazole-bridged β-cyclodextrin (CD)-pentacyclic triterpene conjugates(More)
Based on classical drug design theory, a novel series of gentiopicroside derivatives was designed and synthesized. All synthesized compounds were then biologically evaluated for their inhibition of influenza virus and anti-HCV activity in vitro. Some of the gentiopicroside derivatives, such as 11a, 13d and 16 showed interesting anti-influenza virus activity(More)
Echinocystic acid (EA), a naturally occurring oleanane-type triterpene isolated from Dipsacus asperoides, was found to have anti-HCV entry activity in our previous study. Expansion of triterpene structural diversity, including the ring A and/or C expansion and opening, was performed. To elucidate the pharmacophore of EA, seven lactones (8, 16, 17, 24, 26,(More)
Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) delivers radioisotopes to antigen-expressing cells via monoantibodies for the imaging of lesions or medical therapy. The chelates are typically conjugated to the antibody through cysteine or lysine residues, resulting in heterogeneous chelate-to-antibody ratios and various conjugation sites. To overcome this heterogeneity, we have(More)
Since the influenza viruses can rapidly evolve, it is urgently required to develop novel anti-influenza agents possessing a novel mechanism of action. In our previous study, two pentacyclic triterpene derivatives (Q8 and Y3) have been found to have anti-influenza virus entry activities. Keeping the potential synergy of biological activity of pentacyclic(More)
The conversion of life-threatening viruses into live but avirulent vaccines represents a revolution in vaccinology. In a proof-of-principle study, we expanded the genetic code of the genome of influenza A virus via a transgenic cell line containing orthogonal translation machinery. This generated premature termination codon (PTC)-harboring viruses that(More)
Multivalent ligands that exhibit high binding affinity to influenza hemagglutinin (HA) trimer can block the interaction of HA with its sialic acid receptor. In this study, a series of multivalent pentacyclic triterpene-functionalized per-O-methylated cyclodextrin (CD) derivatives were designed and synthesized using 1, 3-dipolar cycloaddition click reaction.(More)