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OBJECTIVE Spinal reciprocal inhibitory and excitatory reflexes of ankle extensor and flexor muscles were investigated in ambulatory participants with chronic central nervous system (CNS) lesions causing foot drop as a function of time after lesion and stimulator use. METHODS Thirty-nine participants with progressive (eg, secondary progressive MS) and 36(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the efficacy and acceptance of a footdrop stimulator controlled by a tilt sensor. METHODS A nonrandomized, test-retest study of 26 subjects with footdrop of more than 1 year's duration, resulting from various central nervous system disorders, was performed in 4 centers for at least 3 months. Speed of walking in a straight line, speed(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine liver tissue from patients with cholestatic disease for the presence of group C rotavirus RNA. The reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for genes 5 and 6 was used, and the PCR products were subjected to liquid hybridization with a 32P-labeled probe. A second amplification with nested(More)
Neonatal stroke is increasingly recognized in preterm and term infants but the ability to study this condition has been limited by the technical challenges in developing suitable animal models. In the current study we report the use of transient filament middle cerebral artery occlusion for 1.5 h in 10-day-old rat pups in which we were able to perform(More)
BACKGROUND Voluntary contractions (VOL), functional electrical stimulation (FES), and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can facilitate corticospinal connections. OBJECTIVE To find the best methods for increasing corticospinal excitability by testing eight combinations: (1) VOL, (2) FES, (3) FES + VOL, (4) TMS, (5) TMS + VOL, (6) paired associative(More)
To compare various novel and conventional systems for locomotion, a 25-year-old man was studied with motor complete spinal cord injury at the T4/5 level. He used various devices in the community, and changes in speed, physiological cost index (PCI), and oxygen consumption were measured periodically. Speed was fastest with a conventional manual wheelchair(More)
The neurologic complications of 24 children, ages 5 months to 18 years, following orthotopic liver transplantation at the Indiana University hospitals are reported. Biliary atresia (14 patients) was the most common cause for orthotopic liver transplantation. Three children died. Seventeen children (70%) had no neurologic deficit on follow-up 6 months or(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of acupuncture on the phosphene threshold, by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and the clinical effect of acupuncture on headache frequency, duration and severity. METHODS Twenty-one patients (16 women; mean age 46 years; range 23-61 years, 17 Chinese, 2 Malays, 2 Indians) underwent 10 acupuncture sessions(More)
Our aim was to determine the relative merits of short and long echo times (TE) with single-shot echo-planar imaging for imaging cerebral lesions such as multiple sclerosis. We examined seven patients with clinically definite multiple sclerosis were imaged at 1.5 T. Patients were scanned with spinecho, single-shot echo-planar imaging, using TEs of 45, 75,(More)
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