Suleyman Felek

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Although adhesion to host cells is a critical step in the delivery of cytotoxic Yop proteins by Yersinia pestis, the mechanism has not been defined. To identify adhesins critical for Yop delivery, we initiated two transposon mutagenesis screens using the mariner transposon. To avoid redundant cell binding activities, we initiated the screen with a strain(More)
Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, evades host immune responses and rapidly causes disease. The Y. pestis adhesin Ail mediates host cell binding and is critical for Yop delivery. To identify the Ail receptor(s), Ail was purified following overexpression in Escherichia coli. Ail bound specifically to fibronectin, an extracellular matrix protein(More)
The msp2 and p44 genes encode polymorphic major outer membrane proteins that are considered unique to the intraerythrocytic agent of Anaplasma marginale and the intragranulocytic agent of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, respectively. In the present study, however, we found an msp2 gene in A. phagocytophilum that was remarkably conserved among A. phagocytophilum(More)
To establish a successful infection, Yersinia pestis requires the delivery of cytotoxic Yops to host cells. Yops inhibit phagocytosis, block cytokine responses, and induce apoptosis of macrophages. The Y. pestis adhesin Ail facilitates Yop translocation and is required for full virulence in mice. To determine the contributions of other adhesins to Yop(More)
Sixteen of 22 omp-1 paralogs encoding 28-kDa-range immunodominant outer membrane proteins of Ehrlichia chaffeensis were transcribed in blood monocytes of dogs throughout a 56-day infection period. Only one paralog was transcribed by E. chaffeensis in three developmental stages of Amblyomma americanum ticks before or after E. chaffeensis transmission to(More)
Ehrlichia canis virB9 was cloned and expressed. The sequences of virB9 from six geographic locations were identical. virB9 was transcribed by E. canis in dogs, ticks, and cell culture. Infected dogs had antibodies to recombinant VirB9, indicating that VirB9 was produced by E. canis in dogs and was antigenic.
Yersinia pestis, the causative agent of plague, autoaggregates within a few minutes of cessation of shaking when grown at 28 degrees C. To identify the autoaggregation factor of Y. pestis, we performed mariner-based transposon mutagenesis. Autoaggregation-defective mutants from three different pools were identified, each with a transposon insertion at a(More)
Laboratory diagnosis of human ehrlichioses is routinely made by an indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using cultured ehrlichia-infected whole cells as antigen. Concern has been raised that incorrect diagnoses of human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME) or human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (HGE) may be made on the basis of serologic cross-reactivity between(More)
Cathepsin L1 (CatL1) is one of the major molecules in the excretory-secretory products of Fasciola hepatica and is secreted by all stages of the developing parasite; it is involved in tissue penetration, immune evasion, feeding and pathogenesis. Our aim in this study was to clone and characterise the F. hepatica CatL1 gene from a Turkish isolate. This is(More)
Ehrlichia chaffeensis is an obligatory intracellular bacterium of monocytes and macrophages and the etiologic agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis, an emerging zoonosis. The Lone Star tick (Amblyomma americanum) has been implicated as the primary vector of E. chaffeensis. The present study examined the sensitivity of the nested reverse transcription(More)