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Current evidence suggests that hypothalamic fatty acid metabolism may play a role in regulating food intake; however, confirmation that it is a physiologically relevant regulatory system of feeding is still incomplete. Here, we use pharmacological and genetic approaches to demonstrate that the physiological orexigenic response to ghrelin involves specific(More)
Thyroid hormones have widespread cellular effects; however it is unclear whether their effects on the central nervous system (CNS) contribute to global energy balance. Here we demonstrate that either whole-body hyperthyroidism or central administration of triiodothyronine (T3) decreases the activity of hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK),(More)
Ghrelin stimulates food intake and adiposity and thereby increases body weight (BW) in rodents after central as well as peripheral administration. Recently, it was discovered that the gene precursor of ghrelin encoded another secreted and bioactive peptide named obestatin. First reports appeared to demonstrate that this peptide requires an amidation for its(More)
Recently, it has been described the role of fatty acid ethanolamides in the control of feeding behavior. Oleoylethanolamide (OEA) is a member of this family of lipid mediators regulating feeding. OEA acts suppressing feeding behavior through, at least partially, a peripheral mechanism. However, the interaction between this acylethanolamide and other(More)
Fatty acid metabolism in the hypothalamus has recently been shown to regulate feeding. The selective estrogen receptor modulator tamoxifen (TMX) exerts a potent anorectic effect. Here, we show that the anorectic effect of TMX is associated with the accumulation of malonyl-CoA in the hypothalamus and inhibition of fatty acid synthase (FAS) expression(More)
Recent evidence has demonstrated that circulating long chain fatty acids act as nutrient abundance signals in the hypothalamus. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of fatty acid synthase (FAS) results in profound decrease in food intake and body weight in rodents. These anorectic actions are mediated by the modulation of hypothalamic neuropeptide systems,(More)
Somatotrophs are the only pituitary cells that express Ret, GFRalpha1 and GDNF. This study investigated the effects of Ret in a somatotroph cell line, in primary pituitary cultures and in Ret KO mice. Ret regulates somatotroph numbers by inducing Pit-1 overexpression, leading to increased p53 expression and apoptosis, both of which can be prevented with Ret(More)
Ghrelin, the endogenous ligand of the GH secretagogue receptor, acts at central level to elicit GH release and regulate food intake. To elucidate the neural circuit that exerts its effects, we measured the expression of hypothalamic neuropeptides involved in weight regulation and GH secretion after ghrelin administration. Adult male rats, fed or fasted for(More)
The orexins or hypocretins are two neuropeptides involved in the regulation of diverse biological processes such as feeding, sleep and neuroendocrine function. Recent findings suggest a possible functional interaction between orexins, somatostatin and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) in the rat hypothalamus. In order to understand the possible(More)
Dopaminergic midbrain neurons integrate signals on food palatability and food-associated reward into the complex control of energy homeostasis. To define the role of insulin receptor (IR) signaling in this circuitry, we inactivated IR signaling in tyrosine hydroxylase (Th)-expressing cells of mice (IR(ΔTh)). IR inactivation in Th-expressing cells of mice(More)