Sukyeong Lee

Learn More
Molecular chaperones assist protein folding by facilitating their "forward" folding and preventing aggregation. However, once aggregates have formed, these chaperones cannot facilitate protein disaggregation. Bacterial ClpB and its eukaryotic homolog Hsp104 are essential proteins of the heat-shock response, which have the remarkable capacity to rescue(More)
Cell survival under severe thermal stress requires the activity of the ClpB (Hsp104) AAA+ chaperone that solubilizes and reactivates aggregated proteins in concert with the DnaK (Hsp70) chaperone system. How protein disaggregation is achieved and whether survival is solely dependent on ClpB-mediated elimination of aggregates or also on reactivation of(More)
ClpB is a ring-shaped molecular chaperone that has the remarkable ability to disaggregate stress-damaged proteins. Here we present the electron cryomicroscopy reconstruction of an ATP-activated ClpB trap mutant, along with reconstructions of ClpB in the AMPPNP, ADP, and in the nucleotide-free state. We show that motif 2 of the ClpB M domain is positioned(More)
The AAA(+) chaperone ClpB mediates the reactivation of aggregated proteins in cooperation with the DnaK chaperone system. ClpB consists of two AAA domains that drive the ATP-dependent threading of substrates through a central translocation channel. Its unique middle (M) domain forms a coiled-coil structure that laterally protrudes from the ClpB ring and is(More)
Hsp104 is a ring-forming AAA+ machine that recognizes both aggregated proteins and prion-fibrils as substrates and, together with the Hsp70 system, remodels substrates in an ATP-dependent manner. Whereas the ability to disaggregate proteins is dependent on the Hsp104 M-domain, the location of the M-domain is controversial and its exact function remains(More)
ClpB is a ring-forming, ATP-dependent protein disaggregase that cooperates with the cognate Hsp70 system to recover functional protein from aggregates. How ClpB harnesses the energy of ATP binding and hydrolysis to facilitate the mechanical unfolding of previously aggregated, stress-damaged proteins remains unclear. Here, we present crystal structures of(More)
Hsp104 is a double ring-forming AAA+ ATPase, which harnesses the energy of ATP binding and hydrolysis to rescue proteins from a previously aggregated state. Like other AAA+ machines, Hsp104 features conserved cis- and trans-acting elements, which are hallmarks of AAA+ members and are essential to Hsp104 function. Despite these similarities, it was recently(More)
Proteins must fold into their correct three-dimensional conformation in order to attain their biological function. Conversely, protein aggregation and misfolding are primary contributors to many devastating human diseases, such as prion-mediated infections, Alzheimer's disease, type II diabetes and cystic fibrosis. While the native conformation of a(More)
Ring-shaped AAA+ ATPases control a variety of cellular processes by substrate unfolding and remodeling of macromolecular structures. However, how ATP hydrolysis within AAA+ rings is regulated and coupled to mechanical work is poorly understood. Here we demonstrate coordinated ATP hydrolysis within m-AAA protease ring complexes, conserved AAA+ machines in(More)
Heat shock protein (Hsp) 104 is a ring-forming, protein-remodeling machine that harnesses the energy of ATP binding and hydrolysis to drive protein disaggregation. Although Hsp104 is an active ATPase, the recovery of functional protein requires the species-specific cooperation of the Hsp70 system. However, like Hsp104, Hsp70 is an active ATPase, which(More)