Sukumar Shanmugam

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Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one of the common musculoskeletal conditions of the shoulder which may develop sensory-motor and autonomic dysfunctions at the various level of the neuromuscular system. The pain and dysfunction caused by MPS were primarily treated with physical therapy and pharmacological agents in order to achieve painfree movements.(More)
INTRODUCTION Acute facet joint lock induced wry neck (AFJL-WN) is common among adult population and it is primarily managed by medications and physiotherapy. However, the immediate recovery from pain and movements restriction caused by AFJL-WN is not documented in favour of existing interventions. AIM To evaluate the immediate effects of paraspinal dry(More)
Received May 31, 2016. Revised June 24, 2016. Accepted June 27, 2016. Correspondence to: Sukumar Shanmugam Department of Neuro-Physiotherapy, Nitte Institute of Physiotherapy, Deralakatte, Mangalore, Karnataka 575 018, India Tel: +91-824-2202443, Fax: +91-824-2202443, E-mail: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of(More)
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