Sukumar Ponnusamy

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OBJECTIVE Prenatal diagnosis of alpha-thalassaemia requires invasive testing associated with a risk of miscarriage. Cell-free foetal DNA in maternal plasma presents an alternative source of foetal genetic material for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis. We aimed to exclude HbBart's noninvasively by detection of unaffected paternal alleles in maternal plasma(More)
Cell membrane proteome analysis is limited by inherent membrane hydrophobicity. Conventional membrane protein extraction techniques use detergents, chaotropes and organic acids that require sample clean-up or pH adjustment, and are associated with significant sample loss. We extracted membrane proteins from red blood cells (RBCs) using methanol (MeOH),(More)
Rapid aneuploidy detection methods allow prenatal diagnosis results to be released within 48 h, but not on the same day as the invasive test. We aimed to develop a rapid fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) method (FastFISH) that releases accurate results on the same day as amniocentesis. FastFISH was optimized to be completed within 2 h of sample(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to detect aneuploidy in single fetal nucleated red blood cells (FNRBCs) from placental villi using whole genome amplification (WGA) and next generation sequencing. METHODS Three single FNRBCs per sample were manually picked from villi collected from ten women undergoing elective first-trimester termination of(More)
In humans, primitive fetal nucleated red blood cells (FNRBCs) are thought to be as vital for embryonic life as their counterpart, adult red blood cells (adult RBCs) are in later-gestation fetuses and adults. Unlike adult RBCs, the identity and functions of FNRBC proteins are poorly understood owing to a scarcity of FNRBCs for proteomic investigations. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To develop an in vivo model to determine fetal-cell enrichment efficiency of novel noninvasive prenatal diagnosis methods. METHODS Efficiency of our three-step enrichment protocol was determined in vitro before fetal nucleated red blood cells (FNRBCs) were enriched from first-trimester maternal blood samples collected from the same patients pre-(More)
OBJECTIVE Cell-free fetal DNA can be used for prenatal testing with no procedure-related risk to the fetus. However, yield of fetal DNA is low compared with maternal cell-free DNA fragments, resulting in technical challenges for some downstream applications. To maximize the fetal fraction, careful blood processing procedures are essential. We demonstrate(More)
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