Sukrutha Chettimada

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Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a debilitating and deadly disease with no known cure. Heart failure is a major comorbidity and a common cause of the premature death of patients with PAH. Increased asymmetrical right ventricular hypertrophy and septal wall thickening compress the left ventricular cavity and elicit diastolic heart failure. In this(More)
Severe pulmonary hypertension is a debilitating disease with an alarmingly low 5-yr life expectancy. Hypoxia, one of the causes of pulmonary hypertension, elicits constriction and remodeling of the pulmonary arteries. We now know that pulmonary arterial remodeling is a consequence of hyperplasia and hypertrophy of pulmonary artery smooth muscle (PASM),(More)
Although it is known that blood vessels undergo remodeling in type 2 diabetes (T2D), the signaling pathways that underlie the structural and functional changes seen in diabetic arteries remain unclear. Our objective was to determine whether the remodeling in type 2 diabetic Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats is evoked by elevated reactive oxygen species (ROS). Our(More)
We recently demonstrated that a 17-ketosteroid, epiandrosterone, attenuates L-type Ca(2+) currents (I(Ca-L)) in cardiac myocytes and inhibits myocardial contractility. Because 17-ketosteroids are known to inhibit glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD), the rate-limiting enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway, and to reduce intracellular NADPH levels, we(More)
Persistent hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension, which is an emerging clinical problem around the world. We recently showed that hypoxia-induced activation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (Glc-6-PD) in pulmonary artery smooth muscle links metabolic changes within smooth muscle(More)
Although hypoxia is detrimental to most cell types, it aids survival of progenitor cells and is associated with diseases like cancer and pulmonary hypertension in humans. Therefore, understanding the underlying mechanisms that promote survival of progenitor cells in hypoxia and then developing novel therapies to stop their growth in hypoxia-associated human(More)
Cholesterol distributes at a high density in the membrane lipid raft and modulates ion channel currents. Poly(ethylene glycol) cholesteryl ether (PEG-cholesterol) is a nonionic amphipathic lipid consisting of lipophilic cholesterol and covalently bound hydrophilic PEG. PEG-cholesterol is used to formulate lipoplexes to transfect cultured cells, and(More)
Homeostatic control of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) differentiation is critical for contractile activity and regulation of blood flow. Recently, we reported that precontracted blood vessels are relaxed and the phenotype of VSMC is regulated from a synthetic to contractile state by glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) inhibition. In the current(More)
BACKGROUND HIV+ patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) with suppressed viral loads have a low incidence of HIV-associated dementia, but increased prevalence of milder forms of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). These milder forms of HAND are often associated with minimal histological abnormalities, and their pathophysiology is(More)
Hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) is a physiological response to a decrease in airway O(2) tension, but the underlying mechanism is incompletely understood. We studied the contribution of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (Glc-6-PD), an important regulator of NADPH redox and production of reactive oxygen species, to the development of HPV. We found(More)
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