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OBJECTIVE Although several clinical applications of transpedicular screw fixation in the cervical spine have been documented recently, few anatomic studies concerning the cervical pedicle are available. This study was designed to evaluate the anatomy and adjacent neural relationships of the middle and lower cervical pedicle (C3-C7). The main objective is to(More)
BACKGROUND Stereotactic percutaneous pain procedures, percutaneous cordotomy, trigeminal tractotomy, and extralemniscal myelotomy are routinely performed with computed tomography (CT) guidance. This new imaging technique enables one to measure the spinal cord diameters for each patient uniquely. Significant differences have been recognized between the(More)
CT-guided stereotactic percutaneous destructive procedures, i.e. percutaneous cordotomy, trigeminal tractotomy, and extralemniscal myelotomy, have been routinely used for the treatment of localized intractable pain in malignancy since 1987. In 67 cases if local pain due to malignancy, CT guided percutaneous cordotomy was performed and in 97% complete pain(More)
Extralemniscal myelotomy (ELM) is a procedure performed at the cervicomedullary junction of the spinal cord in which the central cord is lesioned to treat intractable pain. The neurophysiological mechanism of pain relief after ELM remains unclear. The authors present a series of 14 patients with intractable cancer pain who were managed by CT-guided,(More)
Percutaneous bilateral cordotomy performed using conventional techniques may cause the patient to develop sleep-induced apnea due to bilateral destruction of the ventrolateral reticulospinal tract. Computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous cordotomy using a newly designed needle electrode system has the advantages of safe, selective, and controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Detailed anatomical knowledge of the dorsal cervical rootlets and dorsal root entry zones (DREZ) is important for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical myeloradiculopathy and surgical management of pain. There are far fewer micro-anatomical studies of this area than gross anatomical studies. This study presents several anatomical points(More)
The efficacy of sodium nitroprusside in resolving cerebral vasospasm was evaluated with multicisternal injections. Twelve animals received fresh, unheparinized arterial blood via three injections (15 ml total) into the cisterna magna. Selective vertebral arteriography was performed on Day 0, and blood injections were performed on the second and third days(More)
Intradural schwannoma of the conus medullaris is a rare form of spinal neoplasm, which commonly occurs in the lumbar region. Conus medullaris level is unusual for schwannomas. A 49-year-old woman presented with chronic sciatica, mild bladder dysfunction, and paresthesia in the buttocks. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine showed a mass lesion in the(More)