Sukru Oguzkan Topcu

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Angiotensin II (ANG II) plays an important role in the development of obstructive nephropathy. Here, we examined the effects of the ANG II receptor type 1 (AT1R) blockade using candesartan on long-term renal molecular and functional changes in response to partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (PUUO). Newborn rats were subjected to severe PUUO or sham(More)
Prostanoids exert physiological effects on ureteral contractility that may lead to pressure changes and pain during obstruction. In the present study, we examined whether (1) obstruction changes the expression of the two cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms, COX-1 and COX-2 in human and rat ureters and (2) administration of a selective COX-2 inhibitor influences(More)
Congenital obstructive nephropathy accounts for a major proportion of renal insufficiency in infancy and childhood. In an earlier investigation we demonstrated that bilateral complete ureteral obstruction (BUO) in rats is associated with inadequate urinary acidification [Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 295(2):F497-506, 2008]. The aim of the study reported here(More)
Inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 prevent suppression of aquaporin-2 and reduce polyuria in the acute phase after release of bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO). We hypothesized that BUO leads to COX-2-mediated local accumulation of prostanoids in inner medulla (IM) tissue. To test this, rats were subjected to BUO and treated with selective COX-1 or(More)
Bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO) in rats is associated with increased cyclooxygenase type 2 (COX-2) expression, and selective COX-2 inhibition prevents downregulation of aquaporins (AQPs) in response to BUO. It was hypothesized that a murine model would display similar changes in renal COX-2 and AQPs upon BUO and that targeted disruption of COX-2(More)
Release of bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO) is associated with reduced expression of renal aquaporins (AQPs), polyuria, and impairment of urine-concentrating capacity. Recently, we demonstrated that 24 h of BUO is associated with increased cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 expression in the inner medulla (IM) and that selective COX-2 inhibition prevents(More)
Unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO) impairs function of the obstructed kidney, and the contralateral nonobstructed kidney compensates depending on the degree and duration of UUO. This study aimed to determine the hemodynamic and molecular changes in the solitary kidney in response to partial ureteral obstruction (PUO) where any compensation from the(More)
As renal tissue oxygen tension (P(O(2))) is determined by the balance between oxygen supply and consumption, direct tissue P(O(2)) measurements are essential when evaluating the presence of hypoxia. The present study aimed at evaluating invasively and continuously the renal medullary and cortical tissue P(O(2)) by novel fibre-optic probes in rats subjected(More)
INTRODUCTION Obstruction of the urinary tract has marked effects on renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and tubular function. Moreover, ureteral obstruction results in an injury response that can progress to irreversible renal fibrosis and tubular atrophy by apoptosis. METHODS We examined the effect of a calcium channel blocker (verapamil)(More)
Previously we demonstrated that neonatally induced partial unilateral ureteral obstruction (PUUO) in rats is associated with changes in the abundance of renal acid-base transporters that were paralleled by reduction in renal functions dependent on the severity and duration of obstruction. The aim of the present study was to identify whether changes in renal(More)