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OBJECTIVE Although several clinical applications of transpedicular screw fixation in the cervical spine have been documented recently, few anatomic studies concerning the cervical pedicle are available. This study was designed to evaluate the anatomy and adjacent neural relationships of the middle and lower cervical pedicle (C3-C7). The main objective is to… (More)
Trigeminal tractotomy is an effective procedure in denervating pain areas of 5th, 7th, 9th and 10th nerves. The classical imaging technique is the x-ray method which visualizes the target electrode relation indirectly. The method of CT-guided trigeminal tractotomy demonstrates the target electrode relation directly.
BACKGROUND Stereotactic percutaneous pain procedures, percutaneous cordotomy, trigeminal tractotomy, and extralemniscal myelotomy are routinely performed with computed tomography (CT) guidance. This new imaging technique enables one to measure the spinal cord diameters for each patient uniquely. Significant differences have been recognized between the… (More)
CT-guided stereotactic percutaneous destructive procedures, i.e. percutaneous cordotomy, trigeminal tractotomy, and extralemniscal myelotomy, have been routinely used for the treatment of localized intractable pain in malignancy since 1987. In 67 cases if local pain due to malignancy, CT guided percutaneous cordotomy was performed and in 97% complete pain… (More)
Extralemniscal myelotomy (ELM) is a procedure performed at the cervicomedullary junction of the spinal cord in which the central cord is lesioned to treat intractable pain. The neurophysiological mechanism of pain relief after ELM remains unclear. The authors present a series of 14 patients with intractable cancer pain who were managed by CT-guided,… (More)
Percutaneous bilateral cordotomy performed using conventional techniques may cause the patient to develop sleep-induced apnea due to bilateral destruction of the ventrolateral reticulospinal tract. Computerized tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous cordotomy using a newly designed needle electrode system has the advantages of safe, selective, and controlled… (More)
BACKGROUND Detailed anatomical knowledge of the dorsal cervical rootlets and dorsal root entry zones (DREZ) is important for the diagnosis and treatment of cervical myeloradiculopathy and surgical management of pain. There are far fewer micro-anatomical studies of this area than gross anatomical studies. This study presents several anatomical points… (More)
An experimental technique for producing delayed cerebral vasospasm in a rabbit model is described. The basilar artery is punctured via the transclival route and angiographic verification is illustrated.
Grisel's syndrome involves the subluxation of the atlanto-axial joint from inflammatory ligamantous laxity following an infectious process in the head or neck. It is a rare disease usually affecting children, but infrequent adult cases do occur. Today, due to the widened use of antibiotics and availability of MR imaging, some cases presenting with neck… (More)
The efficacy of sodium nitroprusside in resolving cerebral vasospasm was evaluated with multicisternal injections. Twelve animals received fresh, unheparinized arterial blood via three injections (15 ml total) into the cisterna magna. Selective vertebral arteriography was performed on Day 0, and blood injections were performed on the second and third days… (More)