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OBJECTIVE Renal biopsy is the "gold standard" to determine renal activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), but it is expensive, invasive, and carries risk. Osteoprotegerin (OPG) is produced by the heart, lungs, kidney, and bone. Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), a chemotactic cytokine, is involved in the progression of glomerular and(More)
BACKGROUND Activated macrophages play a central role in crescentic glomerulonephritis. Interleukin-4 (IL-4) down-regulates many macrophage proinflammatory activities. We therefore studied the effect of IL-4 on glomerular injury in a model of crescentic glomerulonephritis in the Wistar Kyoto rat. METHODS Glomerulonephritis was induced by i.v.(More)
OBJECTIVE C-reactive protein (CRP) may play an anti-inflammatory role during the acute phase of inflammation and is also used as a marker of inflammation associated with cardiovascular disease. In the present study, we investigated the association between high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) manifestations, autoantibodies, and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the relationships of right ventricular (RV) and left ventricular (LV) myocardial perfusion reserves with ventricular function and pulmonary hemodynamics in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) by using adenosine stress perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS This HIPAA-compliant study was(More)
OBJECTIVE : To prospectively evaluate the cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-derived measurement of right ventricular (RV) septomarginal trabeculation (SMT) mass as a noninvasive marker for pulmonary hypertension (PH), compared with the ventricular mass index (VMI = RV mass/left ventricular mass) and RV mass. MATERIALS AND METHODS : A total of 49(More)
Angiogenesis is the process of formation of new blood vessels due to over expression of VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) which plays a critical role in the growth and development of all solid tumor types. With the advancement in understanding of tumor angiogenesis and VEGF, there have been a number of agents developed to target VEGF for the(More)
OBJECTIVE We determined the prevalence of and risk factors for British Isles Lupus Activity Group (BILAG) flare in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS We followed 299 patients for 1 year with the BILAG scores calculated using British Lupus Integrated Prospective System software and confirmed with manual calculation. RESULTS "A"(More)
Irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C) and chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) are highly prevalent gastrointestinal disorders. Traditional symptoms based therapies had somewhat limited success and efficacy in addressing the disorders. Recently, linaclotide emerged as novel peptide capable of improving abdominal symptoms in patients suffering(More)
Prostate cancer is the most common malignancy among men found to be the second leading cause of male cancer-related mortality due to development of resistance against androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). With the advancement in understanding of prostate cancer, numbers of agents have been emerged to target Androgen-Receptor (AR) signaling for the treatment(More)
Description By virtue of their nature involving extensive dissection of muscles, ligaments and bones, spinal surgery inherently produce a high severity of postoperative pain. The pronounced inflammatory response following tissue damage is the primary mechanism of generation of post spinal surgery pain. Additionally, patients subjected to spinal surgery may(More)